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2016年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.256
健康城市规划路径与要素辨析
Exploration of Approaches and Factors of Healthy City Planning

王兰 廖舒文 赵晓菁

Wang Lan, Liao Shuwen, Zhao Xiaojing

关键词:健康城市;研究路径;规划要素

Keywords:Healthy City; Research Approach; Planning Factors

摘要:

健康城市的规划与设计日益获得关注,一方面城市环境问题突显,特别是发展中国家因工业化造成的空气污染等;另一方面城市居民对身心健康的诉求,需要物质空间支撑生活品质的提升。本文通过理论和实证的文献研究,明确健康城市规划中重要的空间要素,分析不同路径下各类空间要素与健康的相关性。基于减少污染及其对人体的影响和促进锻炼两种路径,从土地使用、空间形态、道路交通、绿地及开放空间四方面阐述各规划要素与公共健康的关联,以期为健康城市规划和相关研究提供依据。

Abstract:

Planning and design for healthy city has drawn increasingly extensive attention. On the one hand, urban environmental issues have become prominent, especially air pollution caused by industrialization in developing countries; on the other hand, urban residents’ demand for physical and mental health calls for physical space to promote the quality of life. Based on theoretical and empirical researches, this paper explores significant spatial factors in healthy city planning and their correlation with public health in different approaches. In order to reduce pollution and its impact on human as well as encourage exercise, the correlations are elaborated from four perspectives: land use, spatial form, road and transport, green space and open space, with a view to provide basis for healthy city planning and its related studies.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51578384),上海市科学技术委员会科研计划项目(14411951200)共同资助
作者简介:

王兰(通信作者),同济大学建筑与城市规划学院城市规划系副教授,博士生导师。wanglan@tongji.edu.cn
廖舒文,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院城市规划系,硕士研究生
赵晓菁(通信作者),上海交通大学医学院附属仁济医院胸外科主任医师;美国纪念斯隆—凯特琳癌症中心和梅奥临床中心访问学者。
zhaoxiaojing@renji.com

译者简介:

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