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2017年第1期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.566
人居三、中等发展陷阱的本质与我国后中等发展期规划改革:再论整体主义
Habitat III, Nature of the Middle Development Trap and Chinese Planning Reform in Post-middle-development Period: The Second Essay on Holism

王红扬

Wang Hongyang

关键词:整体主义;中等发展陷阱;人居三;规划改革;新型城镇化;本体论;认识论;方法论

Keywords:Holism; Middle Development Trap; Habitat III;Planning Reform; Chinese New Urbanization; Ontology;Epistemology; Methodology

摘要:

解读人居三,以《新城市议程》和《城市与区域规划国际准则》为例,剖析其中潜藏着“规划包罗一切”的危险。该倾向似乎具有逻辑必然性,论文论证其背后是先验、确定、局部、线性的世界观。进而,以一个“认知形成”原型引领,系统阐述以关系、一致性、可变、同时性逻辑、整体等为核心的认知与事物演化的真正本质。两种世界观的对比,澄明了包罗一切式解决方案普遍发生但无效的原因,其与中等发展陷阱的关联,以及突破中等发展陷阱的原理等,最终应用于对中国式中等发展及助力突破中国式中等发展的新型城镇化与规划改革的讨论。本文以建构整体主义为核心理论诉求,本身也是该理论的一次实践。

Abstract:

 The essay starts with Habitat III, the newest milestone of global planning. It examines its two core documents, New Urban Agenda and International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial Planning, analyzing there is an underlying issue of “planning becomes everything”. It then demonstrates that beyond the “everything” issue there is the orthodox philosophy viewing the world comprised by a priori exact parts and linear logic. In contrast to the orthodox philosophy, guided by a prototype how human recognition of the world is formed, the essay then systematically elucidates a new philosophy of Holism, with relation, conformity, changeableness, synchronic logic and whole among its core ingredients. Based on this theory, the problematic nature of “everything”, the nature of Middle Development Trap and the relationship between them become clear. The rationale to break the MDT is also illuminated. These implications are finally applied to a discussion on the the nature of Chinese Middle Development and the Chinese New Urbanization and planning reform to help break the Chinese Middle Development. The establishment of a new Theory of Holism is the main theoretical purpose of the essay, with itself being a holistic application of the theory.

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作者简介:

王红扬,博士,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院教授,中法城市·区域·规划科学研究中心主任

译者简介:

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