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2017年第3期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2015.614
香港战后规划的思想流变:契约、福利与空间
The Changing Planning Concept of Postwar Hong Kong: Contract, Welfare and Space

谭峥

Tan Zheng

关键词:契约规划;新市镇运动;社会补贴; 准福利政权;单元式城市

Keywords:Planning by Contract; New Town Movement; Social Subsidy; Quasi-welfare State; Cellular City

摘要:

香港在容纳高密集度经济活动的同时保有一个多单元城市的功能与结构,这一多单元城市结构与欧洲新市镇运动有着一定的渊源。第二次世界大战后香港的一系列应对城市危机的规划将欧洲的新市镇理想模型转化为一种亚洲垂直花园城市的独特结构。本文以反思规划制度与规划思想之间的关系为起点,回顾隐藏在香港城市地景之下的“福利国家”线索。最后,通过简单回顾深圳等内地城市与香港的规划交流史,指出内地城市设计导则编制缺失的“集体主义”原则。


Abstract:

Hong Kong demonstrates a cellular urban organization while accommodating intensive economic activities. This cellular organization has its origin in the New Town Movement in post-war Europe. In the post-war era, the planning practice of Hong Kong, as a response to a series of urban crises, transformed the European new town ideal to the Asian vertical “Garden City.” This paper takes its point of departure from the reflection on the relationship between planning regulation and planning vision. It revisits the “welfare state” tradition behind the cityscape of Hong Kong and concludes that this “collectivism” tradition was somehow overlooked in the urban design code making in Mainland cities.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

谭峥,博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,助理教授。etanzheng@yahoo.com

译者简介:

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