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全文下载次数:141
2017年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.127
乡村社区复兴的两种模式:韧性视角下的启示与思考
Two Models for Revitalizing Village: Enlightenments Under Resilient Perspective

颜文涛 卢江林

Yan Wentao, Lu Jianglin

关键词:乡村社区;复兴模式;绅士化和草根化对比;韧性发展

Keywords:Village Community; Revitalizing Models; Comparison of Gentrification and Grassroots; Resilience Development

摘要:

从韧性视角评析绅士化和草根化的乡村复兴模式,对更好地理解韧性概念、引导韧性构建和韧性规划、反思乡村如何复兴有着重要的意义。在解析韧性概念内涵的基础上,对绅士化的宏村和草根化的桃米进行对比

评析,认为草根化模式比绅士化更具韧性,更具可持续发展的能力。从韧性视角得到乡村社区复兴的四点启示:韧性社区构建不是完全意义上的“自力更生”;相对于大事件更注重微小渐进式的韧性培育;适应性学习和创造力培育是韧性构建的关键环节;社会网络建构是韧性构建的核心要素。延伸至规划领域,笔者认为韧性规划需要生态智慧“善”的价值指引,并在挖掘、学习、创新、延续当地生态知识的过程中,完成“实践—知识—智慧”的良性循环。


Abstract:

Through analyzing two models of revitalizing village under resilient perspective, it is important for a better understanding of concept, guiding the resilience building and resilience planning, reflection of rural revitalizing. On the basis of analytical concept of resilience, this paper makes a comparison analysis of gentrification and grassroots. We found that grassroots mode is more resilient than gentrification, which have more ability of sustainable development. Summed up four enlightenments for resilience building, the resilience community construction is far from “self-dependence”; pay more attention to the resilience of small incremental cultivation relative to the big event; the cultivation of learning abilities and creativity is the core section of resilience construction, the individual resilience and entire social networks’ resilience are the core elements of resilience construction. Then, extends to urban planning area, this paper holds that resilience plan needs the guidance of “permanent good” from ecological wisdom, and through the process of excavate, learning, innovation and continue the local knowledge, finish the virtuous circle of “practice-knowledge-wisdom”.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题(2017YFC0505705),国家自然科学基金(51278504)共同资助
作者简介:

颜文涛(通信作者),同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,高密度人居环境生态与节能教育部重点实验室,教授;同济大学建筑与城市规划学院生态智慧与生态实践研究中心副主任。yanwt@tongji.edu.cn

卢江林,重庆大学建筑城规学院,博士研究生


译者简介:

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