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2017年第5期   DOI:10.22217/ upi. 2016.357
美国费城城市复兴项目中的健康影响评估
Health Impact Assessment in an Urban Regeneration Project in the City of Philadelphia, the USA

王兰 蔡纯婷 曹康

Wang Lan, Cai Chunting, Cao Kang

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摘要:

城市复兴对现有建成环境的变化必然会对居民的健康产生影响,如何预测及评价健康影响从而优化规划和开发是重要问题。针对城市复兴项目的健康影响评估将帮助决策者理解和明确建成环境变化带来的健康后果,提升复兴项目的品质。本文讨论健康影响评估的概念、程序及其与城市规划的关系;通过美国费城一个城市复兴项目的健康影响评估分析,探讨该类评估的意义及其在我国的应用前景。


Abstract:

Changes of built environment caused by urban regeneration would inevitably bring influence on health condition of residents. How to predict and evaluate the health impact and then revise planning and development becomes an important issue. HealthImpact Assessment (HIA) focusing on an urban regeneration project would be helpful for decision-makers to understand and identify the outcome caused by the change of built environment in order to improve the quality of a project. This paper discusses the concept, procedure of HIA, as well as its relationship with urban planning, and then demonstrates HIA with a case of urban regeneration project in the City of Philadelphia, the USA. It is concluded with the meaning of HIA and its potential application in China.


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作者简介:

王兰,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院城市规划系,副教授,博士生导师。wanglan@tongji.edu.cn

蔡纯婷,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院城市规划系,硕士研究生

曹康,浙江大学建筑工程学院副教授,美国宾夕法尼亚大学高级访问学者


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