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2017年第5期   DOI:10.22217/upi. 2015.262
英格兰城乡空间划分体系演进及其借鉴意义
The Evolution and Significance of Rural-Urban Classification in England

杨欢

Yang Huan

关键词:英格兰;城乡分类;体系演进

Keywords:England; Rural-Urban Classification; System Evolution

摘要:

新时期城乡空间的融合度逐步加强,城乡之间的界限逐步模糊,英国政府和学者认为以社会经济特征为基础的城乡空间划分方法已不适合英国城乡发展的需要,同时伴随着空间技术和人口普查精细化的快速发展,英国政府于2004 年发布了新的《城乡空间划分体系》,采用人口稀疏度和聚落形态等准则。本文深入阐述英国城乡空间划分体系演变脉络,分析城乡空间划分体系的现实价值并进一步审视英国城乡空间划分体系的特征趋势,研究发现英国城乡空间划分体系具有尺度类型多样化、划分单元网络化、划分方法精细化、定期动态更新和基础数据公开化五大趋势特征,英国城乡划分的先进经验对我国城乡空间划分和界定具有较好的借鉴意义。


Abstract:

In the new period, the fusion degrees between urban and rural space become strengthen gradually, the boundaries between urban and rural gradually blurred, and the British government and scholars believe the rural-urban classification based on social and economic characteristics is not suitable for the needs of urban-rural development, at the same time, along with the rapid development of space technology and census refinement, in 2004, British government issued “2011 Rural-Urban Classification of Local Authority Districts in England” based on population sparseness, settlement forms and other criterias to delimit urban and rural space. This paper expounds the rural-urban classification evolution in England, analyzes realistic value of the classification and further judges the characteristics trends of rural-urban classification in England. The study shows that rural-urban classification in England has the features of scale type diversity, networked division units, fine division methods, dynamic update regularly and basic data accessibility. In conclusion, the advanced experience of rural-urban classification in England has good reference value for China.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

杨欢,西安建筑科技大学建筑学院,博士研究生。yanghuan1989@hotmail.com


译者简介:

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