点击排行
 
正文
全文下载次数:69
2017年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.408
东亚大城市菜市场发展经验及其借鉴——以中国香港、中国台湾和新加坡为例
Learning from Wet Market Development in East Asian Metropolis: Cases of Hong Kong, Taiwan Districts and Singapore

吴洁琳 陈宇琳

Wu Jielin, Chen Yulin

关键词:菜市场;转型;更新;东亚

Keywords:Wet Markets; Transition; Renewal; East Asia

摘要:

针对中国大城市在菜市场转型过程中遇到的规划、设计和管理方面的问题,本文以中国香港、中国台湾和新加坡为例,通过文献收集和实地调研等方法,在梳理三地菜市场发展历程的基础上,对其规划布局、建筑设计和管理机制进行分析比较,进而对中国菜市场转型提出可资借鉴的发展思路和对策建议。

Abstract:

In China’s metropolis, wet markets are challenged in planning, design and management during the transition period. In this paper, three East Asian metropolis, namely Hong Kong, Taiwan Districts and Singapore, are chosen for case studies. Based on the introduction of wet markets development process, the paper analyzes the measures in facility planning, architecture design and management mechanism, and finally discusses their implications for China.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(16CRK020),教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(15YJCZH016),北京市社会科学基金项目(15SHC043),北京市优秀人才培养资助项目(2016000020124G082)
作者简介:

吴洁琳,清华大学建筑学院硕士,广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院助理规划师。wjlxbd@qq.com
陈宇琳(通信作者),清华大学建筑学院,副教授。chenyulin@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

译者简介:

参考文献:
  • [1] 柴定红. 上海非正规经济发展对农民工就业空间的挤压[J]. 社会, 2003(9): 8-9.
    [2] Zhang Q F, Pan Z. The Transformation of Urban Vegetable Retail in China: Wet Markets, Supermarkets and Informal Markets in Shanghai[J]. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 2013, 43(3): 497-518.
    [3] 张杰, 杨阳, 毛其智. 居住区不同服务设施类型重要性比较研究[J]. 住区, 2013(2): 142-147.
    [4] 陈宇琳. 北京望京地区农贸市场变迁的社会学调查[J]. 城市与区域规划研究, 2015(2): 73-99.
    [5] 陈宇琳. 特大城市外来自雇经营者的市民化机制研究——基于北京南湖大棚市场的调查[J]. 广东社会科学, 2015(2): 204-213.
    [6] Goldman A, Frider R, Ramaswami S. The Presistent Competitive Advantage of Traditional Food Retailers in Asia: Wet Markets' Continued Dominance in Hong Kong[J]. Journal of Macromarketing, 1999, 19(2): 126-139.
    [7] 香港规划署. 香港规划标准与准则. 2009 年修订[S/OL]. (2009)[2016-06-28]. http://www.pland.gov.hk/pland_tc/tech_doc/hkpsg/full/ch6/ch6_text.htm.
    [8] 香港特别行政区政府食品环境卫生署. 公众街市概览[EB/OL]. (2016-01-01)[2016-06-26]. http://www.fehd.gov.hk/tc_chi/pleasant_environment/tidy_market/overview.html.
    [9] 香港审计署. 关于食物及卫生局食物环境卫生署公众街市的管理报告[R/OL]. (2008-10-23) [2016-06-27]. http://www.aud.gov.hk/pdf_c/c51ch06.pdf.
    [10] 房屋及规划地政局. 立法会房屋事务委员会分拆出售房屋委员会的零售和停车场设施[EB/OL]. (2003-10)[2016-06-27]. http://www.legco.gov.hk/yr03-04/chinese/panels/hg/papers/hg1103cb1-190-4c.pdf.
    [11] 尔东, 何泳仪, 张淑茵. 许嘉淇摄影. 乐游香港街市[M]. 香港: 明报出版社, 2015.
    [12] 刘卫斌, Jens Schott Knudsen. 香港“街市”的死去与活来[J]. 世界建筑导报, 2013(1): 22-23.
    [13] HKCC: Hong Kong Consumer Council. Grocery Market Study Market Power of Supermarket Chains Under Scrutiny [R/OL]. (2013-12-19)[2016-06-28]. https://www.consumer.org.hk/sites/consumer/files/competition_issues/20131219/GMSReport20131219.pdf.
    [14] 运输及房屋局, 食物及环境卫生局. 香港立法会房屋事务委员会2015年12 月7 日的会议[EB/OL]. (2016-04-05)[2016-06-29]. http://www.legco.gov.hk/yr15-16/chinese/panels/hg/papers/hg20151102cb1-752-1-c.pdf.
    [15] Chan Y. The Future of Graham Street Market[J/OL]. HK-Magazine. (2013-10-31)[2016-06-29]. http://hk-magazine.com/article/11533/future-grahamstreet-market.
    [16] “台湾经济部”. 98-99 年传统零售市场更新改善计划执行成果汇编[R/OL]. (2011-01)[2016-07-03]. http://www.cto.moea.gov.tw/04/word/04-2.pdf.
    [17] 吴郑重.“ 菜市场”的日常生活地理学初探:全球化台北与市场多样性的生活城市省思[J]. 台湾社会研究, 2004(9): 47-99.
    [18] 李常生, 董卫. 台湾城市中传统零售(菜)市场与摊贩的现代化方案探讨[J]. 现代城市研究, 2007(5): 62-69.
    [19] 福建日报. 菜市场玩style 的背后[N/OL]. (2013-03-18)[2016-07-03].http://www.chinanews.com/tw/2013/03-18/4652769.shtml.
    [20] 郭明璋. 从活动多样性观点,探究台北市北投区邻里中心空间组成模式[D]. 中国文化大学硕士论文, 2011: 47-48.
    [21] NEA: National Environment Agency. Committee Set Up to Review Singapore’s Hawker Centres and Hawker Trade[EB/OL]. (2016-04-17) [2016-07-13]. http://www.nea.gov.sg/corporate-functions/newsroom/newsreleases/committee-set-up-to-review-singapores-hawker-centres-and-hawkertrade2.
    [22] NEA.The Story of Hawker Centres Upgrading Programme (HUP)[EB/OL]. (2016-04-17)[2016-07-14]. http://www.nea.gov.sg/public-health/hawkercentres/the-story-of-hawker-centres-upgrading-programme-%28hup%29.
    [23] NEA. New Hawker Centres[EB/OL]. (2016-04-17)[2016-07-14]. http://www.nea.gov.sg/corporate-functions/newsroom/parliament/budget-debate1/budget-debate-2012/hawker-centres.
    [24] NEA. Managing Hawker Centres and Markets in Singapore[EB/OL]. (2016-04-17)[2016-07-14]. http://www.nea.gov.sg/public-health/hawker-centres/managing-hawker-centres-and-markets-in-singapore.
    [25] Feng Zengkun. Hawkers Unsure of Not-for-profit Model[EB/OL]. (2014-01-13)[2016-07-14]. http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/hawkers-unsure-ofnot-for-profit-model.
    [26] Gannon Martin J. Understanding Global Cultures: Metaphorical Journeys Through 28 Nations, Clusters of Nations, and Continents[M]. SAGE Publications, Inc., 2003: 403-404.

《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223

2387277