点击排行
 
正文
全文下载次数:184
2017年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.312
探索城市地下空间的可持续开发利用——以多伦多市地下步行系统为例
Research on Exploitation and Utilization of Sustainable Developmental City Underground Space: Case Study of the Underground Pedestrian System of Toronto

周旭 李松年 王峰

Zhou Xu, Li Songnian, Wang Feng

关键词:多伦多;PATH 地下步行系统;总体规划

Keywords:Toronto; PATH Underground Pedestrian System; Master Plan

摘要:

20 世纪初,欧美发达国家城市先后进行了城市地下空间的建设和利用,其中轨道交通发展一直是地下空间建设的主要部分,而以多伦多为代表的加拿大城市却从地下步行系统“PATH”这一不同角度发展了地下空间。本文以多伦多市地下步行系统为例,对其历史背景与成因、建设进程、空间特征、规划基本框架及存在问题进行了深入剖析,为中国城市地下步行空间的建设和管理提供案例参考和宝贵经验。

Abstract:

In the early 20th century, Europeans and Americans had built on the city underground space, of which urban rail transit development is one of the major sections in underground space. However, underground space was developed in different way in cities as represented by Toronto, Canada with special underground pedestrian system. The Toronto’s Downtown Underground Pedestrian System (PATH) was taken as an example, the historical background and causes, construction process, spatial characters, planning framework and the existing questions are discussed in detail in this paper. This study provides concrete case reference for development and management of pedestrian space in Chinese cities.

版权信息:
基金项目:湖南省教育厅科学基金研究项目“基于GIS 的长沙市街区式住宅空间研究”(16C1661),湖南省教育厅科学研究项目“基于环境友好型城市传统社区‘非正式’交往空间再利用”(15C1417),国家林业局“十三五”重点学科资助项目[2015]44 号,湖南省教育厅“十二五”重点学科资助项目(2011-76)
作者简介:

周旭,中南林业科技大学风景园林学院,副教授;加拿大威尔逊大学,访问学者。cszhouxu@126.com
李松年,加拿大威尔逊大学土木工程系,教授
王峰,中南林业科技大学风景园林学院,讲师

译者简介:

参考文献:
  • [1] 孙颐潞. 地下街道对城市地上空间的整合作用——多伦多与香港地下空间的对比研究[J]. 华中建筑, 2013(12): 125-128.
    [2] City of Toronto. Urban Strategies Inc. PATH Pedestrian Network: Master Plan[S]. 2012.
    [3] City of Toronto. PATH – Toronto’s Downtown Walkway[EB/OL]. (2013) [2016-07-02]. http://www.toronto.ca/path.2013.
    [4] Byers John Patrick. Breaking the Ground Plane: The Evolution of Grade-Separated Cities in North America[D]. University of Minnesota, 1998.
    [5] Carmody J, Raymond L Sterling. Underground Space Design[M]. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1993.
    [6] Amina M, Frances W. Toronto’s PATH Pedestrian Network Master Plan: Rationale, Formation, and Implementation[R]. University of Toronto, Department of Geography and Planning, 2014.
    [7] Boisvert Michel. Extensions of Indoor Walkways into the Public Domain – A Partnership Experiment[C]. Paper Presented at the 11th ACUUS Conference“Underground Space: Expanding the Frontiers”. Athens, Greece, 2007: 10-13.
    [8] Urban Strategies Inc. PATH Master Plan Study: StakeholderInterviews[EB/OL]. (2011-02-09)[2016-07-02]. http://www1.toronto.ca/city_of_toronto/city_
    planning/transportation_planning/files/pdf/stakeholder_interviews.pdf.
    [9] Barker Michael B. Toronto’s Underground Pedestrian System[J]. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology 1, 1986(2): 145-151.
    [10] Fulford R. Accidental City: The Transformation of Toronto[M]. Macfarlane Walter & Ross, 1995.
    [11] Chan C L. The City Under the City: In/to the PATH[D]. The University of Waterloo, 2015.
    [12] 石晓东. 加拿大城市地下空间开发利用模式[J]. 北京规划建设, 2001(5): 58-61.
    [13] Lindy G. Streets Beneath the Towers: The Development of Toronto’s Downtown Underground Pedestrian Mall System[R]. Discussion Paper Number 31. Toronto: Dept. of Geography, York University, 1984.
    [14] City of Toronto. Underground Pedestrian System: Design Guidelines[S]. 1995.
    [15] City of Toronto. Toronto Official Plan[S]. 2010.
    [16] Mills Carys. Toronto Mulls Plan to Expand World’s Longest Underground Shopping Complex[N]. Globe and Mail, 2011-12-20.
    [17] City of Toronto. PATH Pedestrian Network: Master Plan[S]. 2012.
    [18] Urban Strategies Inc. Design Guidelines for PATH and Other Climatecontrolled Pedestrian Networks[S]. 2012.
    [19] Christian Stewart. PATH as Place: Exploring the Concept of Place in Toronto’s Grade-separated Pedestrian Network[D].The University of Guelph, 2016.
    [20] 金磊. 安全设防乃城市地下空间建设之重[J]. 城乡建设, 2015(10): 17.
    [21] City of Toronto, Urban Strategies Inc. Workshop 1: The PATH Forward: How and Where to Grow[EB/OL]. (2011-04-06)[2016-07-15]. http://www1.toronto.ca/city_of_toronto/city_planning/transportation_planning/files/pdf/stakeholder_workshop_growth.pdf.
    [22] City of Toronto, Urban Strategies Inc. Workshop 2: Improving the PATH: Design, Use &Function[EB/OL]. (2011-04-07)[2016-07-02]. http://www1.toronto.ca/city_of_toronto/city_planning/transportation_planning/files/pdf/stakeholder_workshop_design.pdf.

《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223

2673804