点击排行
 
正文
全文下载次数:82
2017年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.264
积极老龄化:美国活跃退休社区对中国养老社区建设的启示
Active Ageing: Inspiration of the Active Adult Retirement Community in the United States

殷洁 彭仲仁

Yin Jie, Peng Zhongren

关键词:积极老龄化;在地养老;活跃退休社区;国际经验

Keywords:Active Ageing; Ageing-in-place; Active Adult Retirement Community; International Experience

摘要:

面对日益突出的老龄化问题,“在地养老”模式由于既体现了“积极老龄化”的理念,又减轻了公共财政负担而成为世界各国和国际组织的共识性策略。养老社区是实现“积极老龄化”和“在地养老”的重要空间载体。本文以美国佛罗里达州的“群村”为例,详细阐述了“活跃退休社区”建设的国际经验,并与目前在国内学界和地产业界都受到较多关注的“持续照料退休社区”相比较,探讨未来中国养老社区建设的模式。研究认为,应将老年人视为积极参与社会、经济、文化、精神、公民等事务的主流人群,退休社区应帮助老年人通过丰富的文娱社交活动建立社会关系网络,从而达到身心的愉悦。“活跃退休社区”的成功经验为我国即将到来的老龄化浪潮提供了一种积极有效的应对方案。

Abstract:

Facing the problem of fast ageing, “Ageing-in-place” model has become a worldwide consensus strategy because it not only embodies the “Active Ageing” concept, but also reduces the burden of public finance. Retirement community is an important space to realize the “Active Ageing” and “Ageing-in-place” strategies. This article takes “The Villages” in Florida as a case to introduce the experience of “Active Adult Retirement Community” (AARC) in the United States. Compared to AARC, the domestic academic community and real estate industry are more concerned about “Continuous Care Retirement Community”(CCRC). This paper compares AARC and CCRC to explore the future model of China’s retirement community construction. This study finds out that the elderly should be regarded as the mainstream population with active participation in social, economic, cultural, spiritual, civic and other affairs. Retirement communities should help them to build social networks through rich cultural and social activities to achieve physical and mental pleasure. The successful experience of AARC provides a positive and effective response to the upcoming wave of ageing in China.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然基金(41571157),国家留学基金委访问学者项目,江苏省“青蓝工程”共同资助
作者简介:

殷洁,博士,南京林业大学风景园林学院城乡规划系,副教授;美国佛罗里达大学城市与区域规划系访问学者。yinjie@njfu.edu.cn
彭仲仁,博士,美国佛罗里达大学设计、建设与规划学院城市与区域规划系,终身教授;上海交通大学致远讲席教授,教育部长江学者特聘教授。zpeng@ufl.edu

译者简介:

参考文献:
  • [1] 窦晓璐, 约翰·派努斯, 冯长春. 城市与积极老龄化:老年友好城市建设的国际经验[J]. 国际城市规划, 2015(3): 117-123.
    [2] 唐洁, 康璇, 陈睿, 等. 综合型养老社区功能空间模式及指标体系研究[J]. 城市规划学刊, 2015(2): 83-92.
    [3] World Health Organization. Active Ageing: A Policy Framework[R]. Madrid, Spain: Author, WHO, 2002.
    [4] 姚栋. 大城市“原居安老”的空间措施研究[J]. 城市规划学刊, 2015(4): 83-90.
    [5] 周燕珉, 林婧怡. 我国养老社区的发展现状与规划原则探析[J]. 城市规划, 2012(1): 46-51.
    [6] 杨建军, 汤婧婕, 汤燕. 基于“持续照顾”理念的养老模式和养老设施划[J]. 城市规划, 2012(5): 20-26.
    [7] 杨国霞, 沈山, 孙一飞. 持续照护社区养老设施构成体系与其配建研究[J]. 城市规划, 2015(12): 73-79.
    [8] 张卫国. 美国养老社区研究[J]. 世界经济与政治论坛, 2012(9): 136-149.
    [9] United States Census Bureau. The Villages CDP, Florida[EB/OL]. [2016-07-01]. http://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/1271625.
    [10] Judith Ann Trolander. From Sun Cities to the Villages: A History of Active Adult, Age-restricted Communities[M]. University Press of Florida, 2012: 93-97.

《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223

2565064