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2018年第2期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.605
从共建型园区视角论中国产业园区模式对埃塞俄比亚经济发展的影响
Discussion of Impact of China’s ‘Industrial Park Mode’ on Ethiopian Economic Development: A Collaborative-park Perspective

徐嘉勃 乔基姆· 迪特尔 王兴平

Xu Jiabo, Joachim Dieter, Wang Xingping

关键词:产业园区;产业政策;园区规划;投资环境;埃塞俄比亚

Keywords:Industrial Park; Industrial Policy; Industrial Park Planning; Investment Environment; Ethiopia

摘要:

得益于全球劳动力成本的上涨和亚洲特别是中国产业园区模式成功的激励,越来越多的非洲国家开始重新审视产业园区对国家经济发展的重要作用,将园区建设作为带动国家工业化发展的抓手。在这其中,埃塞俄比亚可谓是一个成功的案例,产业园区不仅带动了国家工业体系的快速建立,还创造了大量就业,对改善国家整体投资环境,促进经济整体提升也发挥了重要的作用。作为中国产能合作的示范国家,中国园区模式在埃塞俄比亚的成功离不开双方在国家与园区两个层面的积极合作,即国家政策的互动衔接、园区规划体系的对接、基础设施建设的提升和管理经验的交流合作。这一成功典范,对于中国后续在埃塞及其他非洲国家开展共建园区实践具有重要的借鉴意义。


Abstract:

Inspired by rising labour cost in the wider world and the success of industrial parks in Asia, especially in China, more and more African countries began to review the important role of industrial parks in boosting the economic development of the whole country. Industrial parks, therefore, becomes propeller of industrialisation for many African countries. Among all the countries adopting such kind of strategies, Ethiopia is currently one of the most successful cases, where industrial parks have contributed to the rapid establishment of the national industrial system, created a large number of jobs and promoted the investment environment and overall economic development. The successful application of China’s Industrial Park Mode in Ethiopia, one of the demonstration countries of China’s production capacity cooperation programme, is inseparable from the positive cooperation between the two countries at both national and the park level. This cooperation includes the connection of national development strategies and Chinese participation in the implementation of Ethiopian industrial park development plan at national level as well as collaboration in infrastructure supply and operation at park level. The experience acquired in the cooperation between China and Ethiopia could be helpful for China when co-building other industrial parks in both Ethiopia and other African countries.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划战略性国际科技创新合作重点专项“境外产业园区规划技术合作研究 与示范应用”(2016YFE0201000)
作者简介:

徐嘉勃,东南大学建筑学院博士研究生,牛津大学非洲研究中心联合培养博士研究生

乔基姆· 迪特尔,埃塞俄比亚亚的斯亚贝巴大学,埃塞俄比亚建筑工程与城市

发展学院(EiABC: Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City

Development),教授、学术督导(Science Director)

王兴平,东南大学建筑学院,教授、博导


译者简介:

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