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全文下载次数:44
2018年第3期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.331
国外城市形态对住宅能耗影响研究及对我国的启示
Foreign Researches About the Influence of Urban Form on Residential Energy Consumption and Its Enlightenment to China

吴巍 宋彦 洪再生 卢一华

Wu Wei, Song Yan, Hong Zaisheng, Lu Yihua

关键词:城市形态;住宅能耗;低碳城市

Keywords:Urban Form; Residential Energy Consumption; Low-carbon City

摘要:

明确住宅能耗的影响因素,提高住宅能耗的使用效率是实现低碳城市建设的有效途径。城市形态作为影响住宅能耗的重要因素,国外早已从多个方面对其展开研究。通过归纳现有研究成果,文章首先概括了城市形态对住宅能耗的影响机制;其次分别从住宅形式、树木、地表覆盖物、密度、社区布局等五个方面介绍了各因素与住宅能耗的关系;最后从未来研究和规划建议两个方面提出了对我国的启示。

Abstract:

It is an effective way to construct low-carbon city by determining the influence factors of residential energy consumption and improving the efficiency of energy consumption. As an important factor of affecting the residential energy consumption, urban form has been studied in many aspects by foreign scholars. Based on the existing research results, this paper first summarizes the influence mechanism of urban form on residential energy consumption. Then, it introduces the influence of different urban form factors on residential energy consumption, the urban form factors includes: housing form, planting, surface coverage, density and community layout. Finally, this paper puts forward the enlightenment to China from two aspects: future research and planning suggestion.

版权信息:
基金项目:GEF 城市规模建筑节能和可再生能源(P130786)
作者简介:

吴巍,天津大学建筑学院博士研究生,美国北卡罗来纳大学教堂山分校联合培养博士研究生。254992540@qq.com
宋彦(通信作者),深圳大学城市规划系教授;美国北卡罗来纳大学教堂山分校城市与区域规划系终身教授,博士生导师。ys@email.unc.edu
洪再生,天津大学建筑设计规划研究总院,院长、博士生导师。td_design@126.com
卢一华,宁波市规划设计研究院,工程师。362865535@qq.com

译者简介:

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