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2018年第3期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.057
非洲英属殖民地的城市规划实践:1851—1960 年的港口之城拉各斯
Urban Planning in British Colonial Africa: The Port City Lagos, 1851-1960

王建竹

Wang Jianzhu

关键词:殖民城市;城市规划;殖民现代性;拉各斯;非洲

Keywords:Colonial City; Urban Planning; Colonial Modernity; Lagos; Africa

摘要:

关于撒哈拉以南非洲殖民城市规划的研究仅限于个别英文文献,而殖民时期的空间政策或是其略作修改的版本仍主导着当前非洲的空间发展计划,倘若没有对殖民空间政策和目标的充分认识,这些空间发展的尝试与努力将难以获得成功。本文以撒哈拉以南非洲第一大城市,也是殖民时期英国在西非最重要的殖民城市——拉各斯为例,对19 世纪中叶—20 世纪中叶非洲英属殖民地的城市规划进行探讨。文章阐述了殖民时期的城市发展过程、主要空间政策与规划实践,并结合欧洲殖民主义的意识形态和统治方式分析了殖民城市规划的历史和哲学基础,最后对殖民城市规划和殖民现代性进行了反思。

Abstract:

There is little existing Chinese literature on urban planning policies of colonial cities in sub-Saharan Africa. The ongoing efforts to promote development on the continent are unlikely to succeed without an adequate understanding of colonial spatial policies. These policies, or some slightly modified version thereof, continue to guide spatial development projects in Africa. The paper examines the urban planning in Lagos, the chief British colonial port in West Africa from the establishment of the colony in the middle of 19th century up to the independence of Nigeria in 1960. It traces the relationships between the concepts and practices of town planning and the colonial doctrines and policies. The paper also analyses the historical and philosophical foundations of the colonial policies with the contemporary European colonial ideology and doctrines settings.

版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

王建竹,清华大学建筑学院城乡规划系,博士研究生。wjzzoe@yahoo.com

译者简介:

参考文献:
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