2018年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.412
从“永久清理”到“全局规划” —— 美国棕地治理策略演变及对我国的启示
From “Permanent Cleanup” to “Area-wide Planning”: Evolution of American Brownfield Governance Strategy and Its Enlightenment to China

高洁 刘畅 陈天

Gao Jie, Liu Chang, Chen Tian


Keywords:Brownfield Revitalization; Brownfield Liability; Financial and Tax Initiatives; Public Participation




This paper examines changes in US brownfield policies and programs, and analyzes their periodic characteristics since the Superfund program was introduced in 1980. Data is gathered from the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s web-based documents and related literature. Three periods are identified: environmental protection, remediation and reuse, and comprehensive planning. The transition from “Permanent Cleanup” to “Areawide Planning” is gradually realized, which effectively coordinates the ecological benefits from sustainable development with the economic and social benefits from land redevelopment. Changes in the rights of federal and state government as well as the transition from a punitive regulatory framework to a cooperation regulatory framework are two main features. Changes in the role of American public administration, upgrading of connotation of brownfield and refinement of governance policy are proved to be key factors to contribute the transition. The risk-based governance and overall-balanced liability recognition mechanisms, the multiple sustainable financing mechanisms with fairness in consideration, and the public interest  tatement platform to be implemented can provide the referential experience and ideology for brownfield governance in China.




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