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2018年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.411
精明准则对我国城市设计导则编制的启示
The Enlightenment of Smart Code for Urban Design Guidelines in China

侯鑫 王绚 丁国胜

Hou Xin, Wang Xuan, Ding Guosheng

关键词:精明准则;城市设计导则;形态设计准则; 断面控制

Keywords:Smart Code; Urban Design Guideline; Form-based Code; Transect-based Control

摘要:

对区划法实施和城市蔓延问题的反思促进了美国规划界对城市形态控制方法的探索,精明准则即是这一反思过程的重要成果,它是基于精明增长理论和新都市主义规划原则的一种城市发展与形态控制的开发管理工具。本文分析了美国精明准则编制方法的产生背景、定义内涵及特点,梳理了国内城市设计导则的发展现状及问题,针对我国城市设计导则的不足提出重点借鉴的三个方面,并在文末指出精明准则是基于美国社会现状的,需要针对中国国情进行改良。

Abstract:

The reflection for zoning and urban sprawl help expanding urban form control methods in the USA. Smart Code is one of the important achievements in it. It is based on Smart Growth and New Urbanism, and also a new management tool for urban development and form control method. The article introduces the background, definition and characteristics of Smart Code. Then it analyzes the present situation and the insufficiency of urban design guideline in China. And aiming at the shortcomings of the urban design guideline of three aspects, it proposes the three key references. At the end of the article, it points out that the Smart Code is based on the present situation of American society, which needs to be modified according to China’s national conditions.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51108309, 51778400)
作者简介:

侯鑫,博士,天津大学建筑学院城乡规划系副教授,美国北卡罗来纳大学教堂山分校访问学者
王绚,博士,天津大学建筑学院建筑系副教授,美国北卡罗来纳大学教堂山分校访问学者
丁国胜,博士,湖南大学建筑学院助理教授,健康城市研究室主任

译者简介:

参考文献:
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