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2018年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.124
论荷兰《空间规划法》规划制定权力的垂直分配与纠纷解决
On the Vertical Distribution and Dispute Resolution of Spatial Planning Power in the Netherlands

赵力

Zhao Li

关键词:单一制;地方分权;体系规划;土地利用规划

Keywords:Unitary System; Decentralization; Structure Planning; Land Use Planning

摘要:

在荷兰地方分权的单一制背景下,空间规划权力以“自治原则”和“权责统一原则”为原则在中央、省和市三级政府之间进行划分。中央政府及省级政府享有编制体系规划和强制性土地利用规划的权力,市级政府则享有编制体系规划和土地利用规划的权力。为了保障中央规划目标的实现、维护地方自治权力的发展空间,荷兰设置了协商机制、强制性规划、规划指令和规划诉讼等制度对于中央和地方利益进行平衡。荷兰经验对于我国城市总体规划的改革和规划体系内部的良性运转机制的建立具有参考意义。

Abstract:

Under the unitary system of decentralization in the Netherlands, the power of spatial planning is divided into three levels: central government, provincial governments and municipal governments, with the principle of autonomy and the principle of responsibility. The central government and provincial governments have the power to formulate structure planning and impose land-use planning, and municipal governments have the power to formulate structure planning and land use planning. To guarantee the implementation and maintenance of central planning target and local selfgovernment powers, the Netherlands set up a consultation mechanism, imposed land-use planning, planning instruction and planning directive litigation system. The experience of the Netherlands is of reference to the reform of our master planning and the establishment of a sound operation mechanism in the planning system.

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基金项目:
作者简介:

赵力,杭州电子科技大学人文与法学院,讲师。zhaoli@hdu.edu.cn

译者简介:

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