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2018年第5期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2018.254
集成住房发展项目对埃塞俄比亚城市减贫的影响: 以亚的斯亚贝巴为例
The Impact of Integrated Housing Development Program on Alleviation of Urban Poverty in Ethiopia: A Case of Addis Ababa City

王沐塔 孙浩 殷成志

Mulugeta Kindu, Sun Hao, Yin Chengzhi

关键词:城市化;集成住房发展项目;城市贫困;减贫; 亚的斯亚贝巴;政策评估

Keywords:Urbanization; IHDP; Urban Poverty; Poverty Alleviation; Addis Ababa; Policy Evaluation

摘要:

贫困是城市可持续发展的最大掣肘之一。本文旨在通过对亚的斯亚贝巴市的案例研究,来评估该市2005 年推出的集成住房发展项目在何种程度上为减轻城市贫困做出了贡献,并评估在实施该计划方面遇到的挑战。本文以可持续生计框架作为理论支撑,采用定量研究方法,以调查问卷作为主要的数据收集方法,通过随机和系统抽样的方法确定调查对象。描述性统计分析结果表明,集成住房发展项目增加了家庭收入和节约水平,改善了居民的健康状况,提高了女性权益,保障了公民的居住权等,对城市减贫发挥了重要作用。


Abstract:

Poverty is one of the biggest obstacles of the sustainable development of cities. This paper aims to assess the effectiveness of the Integrated Housing Development Programme (IHDP) launched out in 2005 in reducing urban poverty through the case study of Addis Ababa, and evaluates the challenge during its implementation. The paper takes the Sustainable Livelihoods

Framework (SLF) as the theoretical support, adopts the quantitative research method, and uses the questionnaire as the main data collection method to determine the respondents through random and systematic sampling methods. In its findings, the study establishes that the IHDP has played an important role in alleviating urban poverty by increasing households’ income and saving levels, improving the health of residents, increasing women’s rights, guaranteeing tenure rights for households, and reducing slum areas and dwellers in the country.


版权信息:
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(18YJA630133),清华大学自主 科研计划(20151080358)资助研究成果
作者简介:

王沐塔,清华大学公共管理学硕士,埃塞俄比亚国家民主运动阿姆哈拉(Amhara)委员会官员

孙浩(通信作者),清华大学公共管理学院博士研究生。sunh16@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn

殷成志,城市规划、人文地理双博士,德国洪堡学者,清华大学公共管理学院副教授,博士生导师。yincz@tsinghua.edu.cn


译者简介:

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