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2018年第5期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.245
英国空间规划的指标监测框架与启示
Indicator-based Monitoring Framework of Spatial Planning in England and Its Inspirations

周姝天 翟国方 施益军

Zhou Shutian, Zhai Guofang, Shi Yijun

关键词:空间规划;动态监测;监测指标体系;英国

Keywords:Spatial Planning; Dynamic Monitoring; Monitoring Indicator System; England

摘要:

空间规划内容综合、影响深远,其实施过程的动态监测相比传统规划也更为重要与复杂。英国的空间规划起步较早,体系完善,其区域与地方层面的空间规划在实施过程中的动态监测工作以相关法律为保障,以因地制宜、综合、系统的空间规划目标为基础,以政府规划部门为责任主体,通过目标导向的监测指标体系和可操作的监测框架,形成了制度化、常态化的动态监测机制。其动态监测框架的核心在于,通过定期测量监测指标变化来确保各项规划政策没有在实施中偏离其既定目标,从而在下一步实施中做出积极响应、理性调整和科学引导。本文首先梳理了英国空间规划监测体系的发展历程,然后以区域空间战略的构建策略和曼彻斯特地方规划的监测实践为例,具体分析其以目标为导向的空间规划指标监测框架,以期为我国开展空间规划试点工作和实施规划动态监测提供启示。


Abstract:

Dynamic monitoring of spatial planning is more important and complicated than traditional urban planning due to its comprehensive contents and far-reaching influences. Thanks to its early initiation and complete system, the spatial planning in England has developed an institutionalized, normalized and dynamic monitoring system, with legal protection, specific responsibility subjects, comprehensive and locally distinctive spatial development objectives, and objective-oriented monitoring framework. The heart of its dynamic monitoring framework is to ensure the policy effects are not off its objectives by measuring and comparing the variation of multidimensional indicators regularly, and make active response, rational adjustment, and scientific guidance. On the basis of introducing the planning monitoring system in England, this paper concludes its objective-oriented monitoring framework of spatial planning with evidence from monitoring indicator systems and monitoring practices in both the Regional Spatial Strategies and Manchester Local Plan, to offer inspirations for implementing monitoring works in China’s emerging spatial planning.


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