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2019年第1期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.502
城市建成环境对慢性病影响的实证研究进展与启示
The Influence of Built Environment on Chronic Disease: Review and Enlightment

张延吉

Zhang Yanji

关键词:健康城市;体力活动;建成环境;慢性病; 自选择

Keywords:Healthy City; Physical Activity; Built Environment; Chronic Disease; Self-selection

摘要:

在慢性疾病已成为严峻社会问题的当下,建设健康城市为城市规划与公共卫生学科的再合作提供了契机,而厘清城市建成环境对慢性病的影响则是科学规划的前提。大量既有的西方文献表明,城市规划完全有能力通过各类环境要素的优化,达到增加体力活动、促进合理膳食、抑制慢性疾病,以及提升健康水平的政策目标。本文重点围绕量化城市建成环境、建构影响路径框架、克服自选择机制等问题进行评述,为我国开展该领域的实证研究提供借鉴和参考。


Abstract:

Under the background of serious social problem caused by chronic diseases, the construction of healthy city provides an opportunity for re-cooperation between urban planning and public health, while clarifying the impact of urban built environment on chronic diseases is the basis of effective planning. According to western literature, urban planning is fully capable of increasing physical activity, promoting reasonable diets and diminishing chronic diseases via improving physical environment. This paper focuses on quantifying urban built environment, constructing analytical framework, and overcoming problems of self-selection, so as to provide reference for Chinese empirical research in this field.


版权信息:
基金项目:福建省自然科学基金(2018J01747)
作者简介:

张延吉,博士,福州大学建筑学院城乡规划系,讲师。chairman7up@126.com


译者简介:

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