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2019年第1期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.382
步行优先指导下的英国城市中心区发展
Pedestrian-oriented City Centre Development in the UK

葛天阳 后文君 阳建强

Ge Tianyang, Hou Wenjun, Yang Jianqiang

关键词:步行优先;城市中心区;英国;城市更新;道路设计

Keywords:Pedestrian-oriented; City Centre; The United Kingdom; Urban Renewal; Pedestrian Design

摘要:

分析了英国多个城市中心区的空间演变及现状,发现其充分体现了步行优先的指导思想。第一,城市中心区内过去的主要车行道路如今多已演化成为步行道。第二,城市中心区内形成了较为完善的、规模较大的地面步行体系。第三,城市中心区形成了基于步行尺度的人车分流交通结构。第四,在道路细节设计中优先考虑步行。第五,在建筑设计中优先考虑中心区整体步行体系。第六,建设丰富详细的步行信息基础设施。相比之下,在我国,步行优先的理念尚未得到重视,以步行优先为理念的城市中心区建设也显不足。城市建设重点向存量优化的转型是我国城市中心区实践步行优先建设理念的契机。


Abstract:

The historical development and present situation of city centres in United Kingdom were analysed. It shows the guiding ideology of pedestrian-oriented substantially. Firstly, major roads for cars then have become streets for pedestrians now. Secondly, systematic pedestrian networks have been built on the ground surface. Thirdly, traffic systems with segregation of road and pedestrian have been made based on walking scale. Fourthly, pedestrian was put first in road detailed design. Fifthly, whole pedestrian system was considered when design buildings. Sixthly, abounding and detailed pedestrian information facilities were built. In contrast, in China, the guiding ideology of pedestrian-oriented had not been attached enough importance to, and the construction for pedestrians was not enough, too. It is now an opportunity for China to strengthen the guiding ideology of pedestrian-oriented and put it into practice, when the development focus has been turning into inventory planning.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51278113,51778126)
作者简介:

葛天阳,博士,东南大学建筑学院,讲师。getianyang@qq.com

后文君,东南大学建筑学院,博士研究生。hwjseu@qq.com

阳建强(通信作者),博士,东南大学建筑学院,教授,博士生导师。yjqseuud@126.com


译者简介:

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