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2019年第2期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2018.551
发展中国家非正规住房市场的政策反思
Reflections on Policies for Informal Real Estate Markets in Developing Countries

比什·桑亚尔

Bish Sanyal

关键词:非正规住房 ;房地产市场 ;政策 ;发展中国家 ;贫民窟

Keywords:Informal Housing; Real Estate Market; Policy; Developing Countries; Slum

摘要:

本文通过评述学者和实践者基于来自巴西、印度和中国的实证经验,对城市非正规住房市场的关键性问题进行探讨。首先介绍了世界银行进行项目研究时政策制定者对非正规住房的观点,其次对就地升级、提供私有产权和贫民窟再开发三种主要政策干预的效果进行分析,最后提出为达到更好的非正规住房市场干预效果有待解决的问题。

Abstract:

This study draws critical issues on urban informal real estate markets through lessons learned by academics and practitioners based on empirical evidence from Brazil, India, and China. The first part provides a brief synopsis of how policy makers viewed informal settlements at the time of the World Bank’s study. The second part is a brief analysis of three key policy interventions designed to improve the functioning of informal real estate markets, i.e., in-situ upgrading, offering private property rights, and slum redevelopment. The third part concludes by proposing three research questions that need to be addressed to better intervene in informal real estate markets.

版权信息:本文译自美国宾夕法尼亚大学出版社(University of Pennsylvania Press)2016 年出版的《贫民窟 :非正规住房市场如何运转》(Slums:
基金项目:国 家 社 会 科 学 基 金 项 目(16CRK020), 教 育 部 人 文 社 会 科 学 研究青年基金项目(15YJCZH016),北京市社会科学青年基金项目(15SHC043),Horizon 2020 Research & Innovation Program(770141)
作者简介:

比什·桑亚尔,麻省理工学院城市研究与规划系教授,SPURS/Humphrey 项目主任

译者简介:

陈宇琳,清华大学建筑学院城市规划系副教授,麻省理工学院 SPURS 学者。chenyulin@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

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