点击排行
 
正文
全文下载次数:78
2019年第2期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.594
尺度重构下的国外首都特大城市地区空间规划分析
Analysis on Spatial Planning of Foreign Capital Metropolitan Areas from the Perspective of Re-scaling

吴骞

Wu Qian

关键词:尺度重构 ;首都特大城市地区 ;空间规划 ;区域协作 ;多中心分散聚集

Keywords:Re-scaling; Capital Metropolitan Area; Spatial Planning; Regional Collaboration; Poly-center Decentralized Aggregation

摘要:

尼尔·布伦纳批判性思考了“去地域化”理论的不足,提出了强调“再地域化”的“尺度重构”理论,他认为在全球化背景下,以 1970 年石油危机为分界线,全球相对固定的空间社会地域结构被不断地“创造”“调整”或“转型”,以适应与承载新的发展环境,从而产生不同的特征。基于此,本文以大伦敦规划、巴黎大区规划、东京首都圈基本计划、首尔首都圈重组规划为例,比较分析国外典型首都特大城市地区空间规划的发展演进,并提出三大共同趋势,即权力下放的主体转变与协作导向,区域竞争力导向的多元发展议题与多中心分散集聚的区域空间布局。同时,本文初步对京津冀协同发展的空间规划进行了展望。

Abstract:

Neil Brenner critically considered the inadequacy of the theory of “deterritorialisation” and put forward the “re-scaling” theory emphasizing “reterritorialisation”. He believes that under the background of globalization, taking the oil crisis of 1970 as dividing line, the relatively fixed space structure has been constantly “created”, “adjusted” and “transformed” to adapt to and carry a new environment for development, resulting in different characteristics. Based on this, taking the Greater London Planning, Paris Region Planning, Tokyo Metropolitan Area Basic Planning and Seoul Metropolitan Area Reorganization Planning as examples, this paper analyzes the evolution of spatial planning in metropolitan areas of typical foreign capitals and puts forward three common trends: the main body shift and cooperation orientation caused by decentralization, the multi- development issue oriented by regional competitiveness and the multi- center decentralized regional spatial layout. In the end, this paper makes a preliminary outlook of the spatial planning of the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region.

版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

 吴骞,清华大学建筑学院城市规划系,博士研究生

译者简介:

参考文献:
  • [1] O`BRIEN R. Global financial integration: the end of geography[M]. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1992: 1-120.
    [2] CAIRNCROSS F. The death of distance: how the communications revolution will change our lives[M]. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1997: 45-200.
    [3] TAYLOR P J. World cities and territorial states: the rise and fall of their mutuality[M] // KNOX P, TAYLOR P, eds. World cities in a world-system. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
    [4] OHMAE K. The end of the nation state[M]. New York: The Free Press, 1995.
    [5] APPADURAI A. Modernity at large: cultural dimension s of globalization[M]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.
    [6] SCHOLTE J A. The geography of collective identities in a globalizing world[J]. Review of International Political Economy, 1996(3): 565-608.
    [7] TOFFLER A. The third wave[M]. New York: Bantam Book, 1980.
    [8] STARRS P. The sacred, the regiona and the digital[J]. The Geo-graphical Review, 1997, 87(2): 193-218.
    [9] CASTELLS M. The informational city[M]. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1989.
    [10] CASTELLS M. The rise of the network society[M]. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1996.
    [11] LEFEBVRE H. De l’état: le mode de production étatique[M]. Vol.3. Paris: Union Générale d’Editions, 1977.
    [12] LEFEBVRE H. De l’état: les contradi ctions de l’état modern[M]. Vol.4. Paris: Union Générale d’Editions, 1978.
    [13] LEFEBVRE H. The production of space[M]. NICHOLSON-SMITH D, trans. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1991.
    [14] HARVEY D. The limits to capital[M]. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.
    [15] HARVEY D. The urban experience[M]. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.
    [16] BRENNER N. Globalisation as reterritorialisation: the re-scaling of urban governance in the European Union[J]. Urban Studies, 1999, 36(3): 431-451.
    [17] 尼尔·布伦纳 . 全球化与再地域化 :欧盟城市管治的尺度重组 [J]. 国际城市规划 , 2008(1): 4-14.
    [18] 张京祥 . 国家—区域治理的尺度重构 :基于“国家战略区域规划”视角的剖析 [J]. 城市发展研究 , 2013, 20(5): 45-50.
    [19] GALLAND D. Is regional planning dead or just coping? the transformation of a state sociospatial project into growth-oriented strategies[J]. Environment and Planning C, 2012(30): 536-552.
    [20] HAUGHTON G, ALLMENDINGER P, COUNSELL D, et al. The new spatial planning: territorial management with soft spaces and fuzzy boundaries[M]. London: Routledge, 2010.
    [21] HEALEY P. The treatment of space and place in the new strategic spatial planning in Europe[J]. Urban Planning International, 2008, 28(1): 45-67.
    [22] 何丹 , 谭会慧 . “规划更美好的伦敦”——新一轮伦敦规划的评述及启示 [J]. 国际城市规划 , 2010, 25(4): 79-84.
    [23] 杨滔 . 新区域主义在新大伦敦空间总体规划中的诠释 [J]. 城市规划 , 2007(2): 19-23.
    [24] SHAW D. 战略规划 :大都市地区有效治理的方向盘——大伦敦战略规划的演变与最新发展 [J]. 国外城市规划 , 2001(5): 9-12.
    [25] 曾刚 , 王琛 . 巴黎地区的发展与规划 [J]. 国外城市规划 , 2004(5): 44-49.
    [26] 邹欢 . 巴黎大区总体规划 [J]. 国外城市规划 , 2000(4): 17-20.
    [27] 杜德斌 , 智瑞芝 . 日本首都圈的建设及其经验 [J]. 世界地理研究 , 2004(4): 9-16.
    [28] 王凯 , 周密 . 日本首都圈协同发展及对京津冀都市圈发展的启示 [J]. 现代日本经济 , 2015(1): 65-74.
    [29] Mayor of London. The London Plan: spatial development strategy for London consolidated with alterations since 2011[EB/OL]. (2016-03)[2018-02-15].
    https://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/the_london_plan_2016_jan_2017_fix.pdf.
    [30] ?le-de-France. Le schéma directeur de la région ?le-de-France 2030[EB/OL].(2015-09-28)[2018-02-15].
    https://www.iledefrance.fr/action-quotidienne/construire-ile-france-2030-0.
    [31] 陈洋 . 巴黎大区 2030 战略规划解读 [J]. 上海经济 , 2015(8): 38-45.
    [32] 高慧智 , 张京祥 , 胡嘉佩 . 网络化空间组织 :日本首都圈的功能疏散经验及其对北京的启示 [J]. 国际城市规划 , 2015, 30(5): 75-82.
    [33] 蔡玉梅 , 宋海荣 , 廖荣 . 韩国首都圈发展规划的演变与启示 [J]. 华北国土资源 , 2014(5): 27-28.
    [34] 申润秀 , 金锡载 , 胡京京 . 首尔首都圈重组规划解析 [J]. 城市与区域规划研究 , 2012, 5(1): 147-164.
    [35] 国土交通省資本計画委員会 . 首都圏基本计画(第5次)[EB/OL]. (1999-03) [2018-02-15].
    http://www.mlit.go.jp/crd/daisei/gyoumukaku/index.html.
    [36] GORDON D L A. Planning twentieth century capital cities[M] // Planning twentieth century capital cities. Routledge, 2006.
    [37] 张良 , 吕斌 . 日本首都圈规划的主要进程及其历史经验 [J]. 城市发展研究 , 2009, 16(12): 5-11.
    [38] 董晓峰 , 成刚 . 国外典型大都市圈规划研究 [J]. 现代城市研究 , 2006(8): 12-17.
    [39] PECK J, JESSOP B. Fast policy/local discipline: global-local dialectics in the workfare offensive[C]. The AAG Conference,1998.
    [40] JESSOP B. Globalization and the national state: reflections on a theme of Poulantzas[C]. Miliband and Poulantzas in Retrospect and Prospect, 1997.
    [41] MACLEOD G, GOODWIN M. Space, scale and state strategy: rethinking urban and regional governance[J]. Progress in Human Geography, 1999, 23(4): 503-527.

《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223

4896803