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2019年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2019.198
中国人居环境科学的理论与实践
Theory and Practice of the Science of Human Settlements in China

毛其智

Mao Qizhi

关键词:人居环境;人类聚居学;人居环境科学;联合国人居署;新城市议程;吴良镛

Keywords:Human Settlement; Ekistics; The Science of Human Settlements; UN-Habitat; New Urban Agenda; Wu Liangyong

摘要:

人居环境科学是研究人类聚居及其环境相互关系与发展规律的科学。中国的人居环境科学理论与实践是改革开放40 周年的标志性成果之一。文章分为理论与实践两大篇章,首先叙述了中国人居环境科学的发端与成长历程以及人居环境科学的核心内容。吴良镛作为中国人居环境科学的创建者,采用发展整合建筑学、城乡规划学、风景园林学等核心学科的方法,为实现人居环境有序空间和城乡宜居环境的目标提供了理论框架。在实践层面,从联合国的“人居一”到“人居三”大会,从《人居议程》到《新城市议程》,国内外人居运动密切交流,互动促进。清华大学研究团队在吴良镛指导下,以问题为导向,从中国的实际出发,有意识地寻找城乡人居环境发展的“新范式”,不断推进人居环境建设的发展。

Abstract:

The science of human settlements is the science that studies the relationship and development between human settlements and their environments. China’s theory and practice of the science of human settlements are one of the landmark achievements of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up. The paper is divided into two parts, the theory and the practice. Part one outlines the origin and development of the science of human settlements in China and its core contents. As its founder of the science of human settlements in China, Wu Liangyong developed and integrated the methods of architecture, urban and rural planning, and landscape architecture. As a result, he provided a theoretical framework for the development of human settlements in urban and rural area as spatially ordered and environment suitable for living. Part two describes the various practice activities around the science of human settlements, from the “Habitat I” to the “Habitat III”, the conferences of the United Nations, from the Habitat Agenda to the New Urban Agenda, the Habitat Movement at home and abroad have closely exchanged and promoted interaction. Under the supervision of Wu Liangyong, the research team of Tsinghua University has adhered to problem-oriented and from the reality of China in the practice. Wu Liangyong with his team has looked consciously for a new “paradigm” for the development of human settlements in urban-rural areas and continued to promote the development of human settlements of progress.

版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

毛其智,清华大学建筑学院,教授。qizhi@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

译者简介:

参考文献:
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