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2019年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.296
走向城市设计继续教育:伦敦城市设计中心的经验与镜鉴
Towards Continuing Professional Development of Urban Design: The Experience of Urban Design London and Its Reference to China

王耀武 许霖峰 戴冬晖

Wang Yaowu, Xu Linfeng, Dai Donghui

关键词:城市设计;继续教育;培训;伦敦城市设计中心;运行机制

Keywords:Urban Design; Continuing Professional Development; Training; Urban Design London; Operation Mechanism

摘要:

伦敦城市设计中心经过15 年的发展,带动了伦敦城市设计整体水平的显著提升。本文回顾了该机构产生的背景,发现技能赤字是推动伦敦城市设计继续教育发展的主要原因。通过分析机构的运营模式、运行框架、服务内容与形式,提出了机构得以长期发展的四项运作经验,分别是政府引领、用户为先的“政用产学研”模式,兼顾时效性与实效性的培训内容,借助调查评估以实现持续改善的过程,以及突出交流与共识的培训形式。在新常态与新需求下,这些经验值得我国城市设计继续教育工作借鉴。

Abstract:

Urban Design London (UDL) had been effective and was playing a significant role in increasing practitioner skills around London during the latest 15 years. Under the background of skills deficit at the beginning of the 21st century in Britain before the UDL founded, the paper finds that the skills gap had accelerated the growth of Continuing Professional Development on urban design. It also analyzes the operating mode, working framework, and service content and form of UDL. At the end, this paper summarizes UDL’s experience in four aspects including the government-led and user priority “government-user-industry-university-research” collaborative model, the timely and effective content, the continual improving process delivered by monitoring and evaluating, and the training form based on extensive communication and consensus. The experience of UDL provides reference to continuing professional development of urban design in the “new normal”.

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作者简介:

王耀武,博士,哈尔滨工业大学(深圳)建筑学院,教授。wyw68@126.com
许霖峰,哈尔滨工业大学(深圳)建筑学院,博士研究生。61878134@qq.com
戴冬晖,博士,哈尔滨工业大学(深圳)建筑学院,副教授。dai_donghui@hotmail.com

译者简介:

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