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2019年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2018.221
基于减贫与包容性增长的路径探索——以莫桑比克区域发展走廊战略为例
Exploring the Path Based on Poverty Reduction and Inclusive Growth: A Case Study on Regional Development Corridor Strategy, Mozambique

刘程

Liu Cheng

关键词:减贫;包容性增长;区域发展走廊;经济特区;莫桑比克

Keywords:Poverty Reduction; Inclusive Growth; Regional Development Corridor; Special Economic Zone; Mozambique

摘要:

消除贫困是全球共同面临的重要社会经济问题,在东非国家莫桑比克——世界上最贫困的国家之一——显得尤为突出。尽管莫桑比克在过去20 年中通过不断吸引外部投资,实现了持续高速的经济增长,但这种模式与地区经济增长相脱节,并未带来普遍公平与可持续的居民收入增长的机会。为破解减贫困局,实现包容性增长,莫桑比克以国内主要交通运输廊道为基础,确立了若干条区域发展走廊,作为空间层面的宏观经济发展战略,旨在最大限度地加强外部投资与地方经济发展的联系,确保走廊地区有充分的能力和机会分享经济增长的成果。本文对莫桑比克减贫问题的现状及其区域发展走廊战略进行了较为深入的研究与解读,对我国学界理解莫桑比克的区域发展,以及我国与莫桑比克在中非友好交流广阔前景下的进一步学术与实践合作都具有一定的参考价值。

Abstract:

Poverty reduction is an important socio-economic problem in front of the world. It is even more prominent in the East African country Mozambique, one of the poorest countries in the world. Although Mozambique has achieved sustained high-speed economic growth by continuously attracting external investment during the past 20 years, this model is out of step with local economic growth and does not bring about universally fair and sustainable residents’ income growth opportunities. In order to reduce poverty and achieve inclusive growth, Mozambique has established several regional development corridors based on major domestic transportation corridors as a macro-economic development strategy at the spatial level in order to maximize the linkage between external investment and local economies, to ensure that the corridor region has sufficient capabilities and opportunities to share the fruits of economic growth. This paper conducts indepth analysis and research on the status quo of poverty reduction in Mozambique and the Regional Development Corridor Strategy. It is of certain reference value for China’s academia to understand Mozambique’s regional development, and also for further academic and practical cooperation between China and Mozambique under the broad prospect of China-Africa friendly collaboration.

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作者简介:

?刘程,清华大学建筑学院硕士,中山大学岭南学院MBA,广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院主任工程师。597910185@qq.com

译者简介:

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