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2019年第5期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2019.396
老龄人口健身出行视角下的寒地城市公共空间可步行性研究
Walkability of Public Space in Winter Cities from a Perspective of Travelling to Physical Activity by Elder People

冷红 郑春宇 鲁钰雯

Leng Hong, Zheng Chunyu, Lu Yuwen

关键词:可步行性;寒地城市;老龄人口;公共空间;健身出行

Keywords:Walkability; Winter City; Elder People; Public Space; Travel to Physical Activity

摘要:

中国正逐步进入老龄化社会,老龄人口的健康问题日益得到公众关注,坚持适当的体力活动对于维持老龄人口的健康有着重要的意义。良好的可步行性可以提升城市公共空间的使用效率,促进健身行为的发生。然而对于寒冷地区而言,气候条件是影响城市公共空间可步行性的重要因素。尽管当前中国关于老龄人口以及可步行性的相关研究逐渐增多,但这些研究对于气候因素的关注度仍比较低,寒地气候背景下的相关研究更为有限。本文分析了寒地气候对可步行性的诸多影响,进一步以东北地区典型的寒地城市哈尔滨市为例,对有健身习惯的城市老龄人口的健身行为特征以及健身出行特征进行随机问卷调查,从老龄人口冬季健身出行的视角出发,对严寒地区城市公共空间可步行性现状进行分析。在此基础上,参照渥太华等北美寒地城市的经验,充分考虑寒地气候的特点,结合中国寒地城市的步行现状问题,从合理优化城市公共空间布局、优化城市步行系统以及优化城市步行环境三个方面提出提升及优化城市公共空间可步行性的策略。


Abstract:

As China gradually enters an aging society, health issues of elder people grab the attention of whole society. Doing adequate physical activity is beneficial for health of elder people. Better accessibility could increase the utilization of public space, encourage urban residents to participate in physical activity. However, the climate characteristic is a domain factor for winter cities. Although there is a growing number of researches concerning elder people and walkability. However, knowledge gap regarding to climate context exists, especially in winter climate characteristics in cold region. This paper takes Harbin, a typical winter city of China, as research site, analyzes the current situation of public space walkability according to the physical activity behaviors and travel behaviors of elder people. Based on it, combined with the experience of cold cities in North America such as Ottawa and with the walkability status of winter cities in China, strategies including reallocating spatial distribution of public spaces, constructing comprehensive walking system and creating enjoyable walking environment to improve and optimize the walkability of urban public space are proposed.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

冷红,哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院,寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室,教授,博士生导师

郑春宇,哈尔滨工业大学硕士,英国爱丁堡大学博士研究生

鲁钰雯,哈尔滨工业大学硕士,南京大学博士研究生


译者简介:

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