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2019年第5期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.571
国际常用发展指标框架综述与展望
Review and Prospect of International Common Development Indicator Framework

黄经南 敖宁谦 谢雨航

Huang Jingnan, Ao Ningqian, Xie Yuhang

关键词:压力—状态—响应;驱动力—压力—状态—影响—响应; 人类福祉;可持续发展;指标体系

Keywords:PSR; DPSIR; Human Well-being; Sustainable Development; Indicator System

摘要:

发展指标作为评估人类环境质量、城市发展、社会公平与进步等的重要工具得到越来越广泛的应用。指标体系的构建不仅要体现指标要素的完整性,更要反映要素之间的相互作用,以及发展的动态过程。不同的指标体系构建方法对指标评价的结果具有不同影响。本文介绍了目前国际上常用的五大发展指标框架,包括PSR、要素主题、资本核算、流量存量、人类福祉的产生过程、内涵、适用情况及各自的优缺点;并总结了发展指标的最新趋势,包括复合化、目标化、绩效化和公众参与;最后提出对我国城市规划工作的启示。


Abstract:

Development index has been used more widely in the fields of environmental quality, city development, social justice and progress, etc. The construction of indicator system reflects not only the integrity of indicator elements, but also their interactions and the dynamic process. Different indicator framework has various effects on evaluation results. This paper introduces five popular development indicator frameworks including pressure-state-response, Issue- or theme-based framework, capital-accounting based framework, stocks and flows and human wellbeing, including their background, generation process, content, applicable condition and problems. The paper also concludes the general trends of development indicator evolution, including increasing interest in developing composite indices, core indicators, goal-oriented indicators, and emphasis on performance indicators and more bottom up approaches. Finally, the enlightenment to China’s urban planning is proposed.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

黄经南,博士,武汉大学设计学院,副院长,副教授

敖宁谦( 通信作者), 贵阳市城乡规划设计研究院。914434182@qq.com

谢雨航,硕士,腾讯科技(深圳)有限公司


译者简介:

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