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2019年第5期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2018.487
城乡融合视角下中澳规划管理的制度性差异与启示
The Institutional Difference Between Chinese and Australian Planning Policies from the Perspective of Urban-Rural Integration, and What Can It Tell Us?

邱连峰

Qiu Lianfeng

关键词:城乡融合;规划管理;制度性差异;认知误区; 城乡等值

Keywords:Urban-Rural Integration; Planning Policies; Institutional Differences; Cognitive Mistake; Urban-Rural Equivalence

摘要:

在新时期,规划被赋予实现城乡融合发展目标的职责,参考国外成功经验成为有益且有效的渠道之一。本文应用制度性理论,建立包含管制、规范、认知的概念性模型,系统比较我国与澳大利亚的城乡规划管理要素,揭示了两国在城乡划分标准、规划管理内容、地方行政主体设置、规划体系以及基础设施建设财政支持等方面存在的明显差异及其原因。由此,首先可以弥补国内相关文献的空缺。其次,有助于廓清我国与澳大利亚乃至英联邦国家规划管理的制度性差异,避免因此而产生的认知错位,并加深对国外建设成果的理解。最后,澳大利亚城乡平权等值的基本观念,也为我国城镇化路径提供了有益启示。


Abstract:

Responding to current impetus for urban-rural integration in China, planning has been regarded as an effective approach to achieve this goal, and advanced experiences from abroad are favoured among scholars. This paper establishes a conceptual model underpinned by institutional theory. By comparing China with Australia in terms of planning policies, the paper explores the main similitudes and distinctive divergences with respect to definitions of urban and rural areas, developments, local authority operation, planning system and financial support for infrastructure construction. The contribution of this paper is, first of all, to make up for vacancies in relevant domestic literature to a certain extent; secondly, to clarify the institutional differences in planning administration between China and Australia and even the Commonwealth countries, which can help us to avoid cognitive mistakes and deepen understanding of foreign construction achievements. Finally and more importantly, urban-rural equivalence doctrine demonstrated by this paper implies an optional path for China’s integrational urbanization.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

邱连峰,高级规划师,国家注册规划师,广东工业大学建筑设计研究院副总规划师


译者简介:

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