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2019年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2018.453
国外学生化研究评述及其对本土化研究的启示
Review of Overseas Researches on Studentification and Its Implication for China

孙洁 谷浩 余思奇

Sun Jie, Gu Hao, Yu Siqi

关键词:学生化;学生聚集区;城市更新;居住隔离;阶层不平等

Keywords:Studentification; Student Area; Urban Renewal; Residential Segregation; Class Inequality

摘要:

随着大学生数量大幅增长及其对城市影响日益提升,学生化正成为西方城市地理学的新研究主题。本文首先概述了学生化的概念,其次总结了学生化研究的主要内容,包括学生化空间的类型、空间分布特征、学生化现象的产生背景与机制、学生化的社会空间效应以及应对策略。文章指出,学生化研究是从大学生空间消费的独特视角,透视当前城市空间重构中日益加剧的居住隔离和阶层不平等问题。最后,文章结合我国学生化研究的尝试,指出我国开展学生化问题研究的理论与现实意义,并提出未来的研究展望。

Abstract:

Studentification has become a new research topic of western urban geography along with the increase of student population and its impacts on urban change. This paper firstly introduces the concept of studentification. Secondly, it concludes the main research contents, including the types and spatial layout of studentification, the background and mechanism of studentification, and the diverse impacts of studentification on local communities and cities as well as policies responses. It argues that these researches contribute to the exploration of residential segregation and class inequality in the process of urban restructuring, from the unique perspective of higher education students and their spatial consumption. At last, based on the former researches on Chinese studentification, this paper points out the importance of studentification research in China and some directions of future research.

版权信息:
基金项目:中英联合研究创新基金博士生交流项目(留金欧[2016]6045), 国家社会科学重点基金项目(17ASH003),国家自然科学基金项目(41771184)
作者简介:

孙洁,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,博士,助理研究员。27864928@qq.com
谷浩,湖南大学公共管理学院,博士,助理教授。haogu@hnu.edu.cn
余思奇(通信作者),南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,博士研究生。vivian.yusiqi@qq.com

译者简介:

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