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2019年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2018.312
用地混合使用的国际经验:模式、测度方法和效果
International Experience of Mixed Land Use: Models, Measures and Effects

王德 殷振轩 俞晓天

Wang De, Yin Zhenxuan, Yu Xiaotian

关键词:用地混合使用;模式;测度方法;效果;国外

Keywords:Mixed Land Use; Model; Measure; Effect; Abroad

摘要:

城市用地混合使用被认为是激发城市活力,实现城市可持续发展的重要工具。目前我国相关研究主要侧重于规划实践中对于用地混合使用的政策引导,对用地混合使用模式、测度方法和效果的探讨相对缺乏。本文梳理国外用地混合使用的概念内涵、类型、测度方法和效果实证,以期全面把握国际用地混合使用的研究前沿。在内涵和模式方面,用地混合使用的概念逐渐深化,形成了多层次、多类型、多尺度,强调与空间条件相互作用的研究框架;在测度方法方面,众多学者提出了不同的测度方法,并对比分析了各方法的优缺点;在效果实证方面,用地混合使用对慢行交通出行和居民健康活动具有较为显著的积极作用,对安全和房价的作用还受其他条件影响,而对城市活力的影响仍需进一步实证研究。

Abstract:

Mixed land use has been considered as an important tool to strength urban vitality and to achieve sustainable development. At present, China’s related research mainly focuses on policy guidance for mixed land use in planning practice, while the discussion on the models, measures and effects of mixed land use is insufficient. This paper sorts out concept, types, measures and effects of mixed land use abroad in order to fully grasp the international research fronts. In terms of concept, a multi-level, multi-type, multi-scale research framework formed. In terms of measures, researchers have proposed different methods and compared their advantages and disadvantages. In terms of effects, firstly, mixed land use has significant positive effects on non-motorized transportation and health; secondly, the effects of mixed land use on safety and housing price are affected by other conditions; thirdly, the impact on vitality needs further empirical research.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41771170),清华大学中国新型城镇化研究院开放基金项目(TUCSU-K-17026-01)
作者简介:

王德,博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,教授,博导。dewang@tongji.edu.cn
殷振轩(通信作者),硕士,上海同济城市规划设计研究院有限公司,规划师。yinzx1990@gmail.com
俞晓天,硕士,苏州相城经济技术开发区规划建设局,规划编制专员。xtyu_nju@126.com

译者简介:

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