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全文下载次数:369
2019年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2018.387
自动驾驶车辆对城市的影响与规划应对:基于涟漪模型的文献综述
The Impacts of Autonomous Vehicle on the Cities and Planning Responses: A Literature Review Based on Ripple Effect Model

秦波 陈筱璇 屈伸

Qin Bo, Chen Xiaoxuan, Qu Shen

关键词:自动驾驶车辆;涟漪模型;城市系统;交通规划;空间形态;社会公平;规划应对;文献综述

Keywords:Autonomous Vehicle; Ripple Effect Model; Urban System; Transport Planning; Spatial Form; Social Equity; Planning Response; Literature Review

摘要:

近年来自动驾驶技术实现突破,将从根本上改变个体交通出行的方式,进而可能对经济社会各方面产生重要而深远的影响。本文聚焦于自动驾驶车辆对城市的系统影响与规划的应对,以涟漪模型为分析框架对国内外相关文献展开梳理:在认识自动驾驶技术特点和发展现状基础上,依次剖析自动驾驶车辆对城市交通,土地利用,以及经济、社会、环境带来的影响,并提出可能的交通规划、土地利用规划以及社会经济发展规划应对举措。通过文献综述,可以看到自动驾驶技术的发展对城市的影响有利有弊;而作为规划师,须密切关注甚至参与其发展,并对规划原则和技术进行相应调整。

Abstract:

Recently the autonomous driving technology has achieved breakthrough, which will affect our travel behaviors, and thus bring changes to socio-economic systems. By using Ripple Effect Model, this paper conducts a systematic literature review on the impacts of autonomous vehicle on the cities and planning responses. After introducing the development of autonomous driving technology, the paper summarizes the impacts of autonomous vehicle on urban transportation, land use, and socio-economic system, and proposes potential responses for planners. By the literature review, it is suggested that the impacts of autonomous driving technology to the cities contain both positive and negative sides. For urban planners it is necessary to keep update with and even participate in the technical advancement, and to adjust the existing planning principles and techniques accordingly.

版权信息:
基金项目:中国人民大学科学研究基金(中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助)项目(16XNI001),北京建筑大学未来城市设计高精尖创新中心资助项目(UDC2018010921)
作者简介:

秦波,博士,中国人民大学公共管理学院城市规划与管理系,教授,博导。qinbo@ruc.edu.cn
陈筱璇,中国人民大学公共管理学院城市规划与管理系
屈伸,波特兰州立大学城市与公共事务学院

译者简介:

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