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2020年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2019.672
立体化超高密度亚热带城市的老年群体休憩用地使用偏好研究
The Elders’ Preferences for Open Spaces in Multi-level, Hyper Dense Sub-tropical City

张灵珠 晴安蓝 崔敏榆 曾文馨

Zhang Lingzhu, Alain Chiaradia, Cui Minyu, Zeng Wenxin

关键词:老年群体;公共空间;小型休憩用地;超密度;香港

Keywords:Elderly; Open Space; Small Public Space; Hyper Dense; Hong Kong

摘要:

香港的一项调查显示,公共空间的使用频率从年轻人到长者逐渐增加。就老年群体而言,小型公共空间的规模、数量、可达性、品质和设施等均会对其使用产生一定影响。本文对香港湾仔和沙田两个地区50 处小型休憩空间的分布可达性与流量潜力、规模、品质及其使用进行了比较,通过网络分析技术、无监督机器学习分类、三维室内—室外完整步行网络、现场调研以及精细化模拟步行路径选择度等研究方法发现,小型休憩用地的面积、可达性等都对其设计品质和长者的使用情况有显著影响。以香港为例,本研究对老年群体的休憩用地使用偏好进行了探索,以期对内地城市老龄化视角下的公共空间系统规划提出启示。


Abstract:

The opinion survey in Hong Kong shows that small playgrounds and sitting out area visitation frequency increase by age groups from the 16-29 to 60-70+. Size, quantity, accessibility, quality, and facilities of small public spaces will have a certain impact on elderly preferences. Therefore, this paper compares spatial distribution accessibility and potential flow, size, quality and use of small open space in Wan Chai and Sha Tin (n=50). Using mixed methods including network science, unsupervised machine classification, 3D full indoor + outdoor pedestrian network map, surveys and pedestrian route choice simulations, it is revealed that both size and accessibility have a strong impact on small open spaces’ design quality and elderly visitation. This study aims to explore elderly open spaces preferences in high-density cities from the case study of Hong Kong, providing inspirations for the future age-friendly urban open space system planning in Mainland China.


版权信息:
基金项目:香港大学建筑学院健康高密度实验室课题(000250435)
作者简介:

张灵珠,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,助理教授。lingzhu_zhang@163.com

晴安蓝(通信作者),香港大学建筑学院城市规划及设计系,副教授。alainjfc@hku.hk

崔敏榆,香港大学建筑学院城市规划及设计系,研究助理。minyucui@hku.hk

曾文馨,香港大学建筑系园境建筑学部,博士研究生。wzeng04@connect.hku.hk


译者简介:

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