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2020年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.273
弹性网格:曼哈顿城市形态及合并街区特征研究
Flexible Grid: Study of Spatial Characteristic of Manhattan Urban Form and Combined Blocks

马敬然 王浩锋

Ma Jingran, Wang Haofeng

关键词:合并街区;网格合并;空间句法;城市形态; 空间社会逻辑

Keywords:Combined Block ;Grid Combination; Space Syntax; Urban Form; Spatial Social Logic

摘要:

研究应用空间句法考察了曼哈顿城市形态演变及曼哈顿街区合并对城市局部及整体城市形态的影响,以探讨其背后反映的城市形态与城市社会经济活动之间的互动关系。研究认为,曼哈顿城市形态具有弹性特征,使其在因街区合并等带来的城市形态演变过程中保持了较高的可达性,同时形成了具有多中心性及多样性的城市形态。不同功能合并街区呈现的差异化空间形态表明,城市形态对社会经济活动具有重要的支撑作用。本研究对中国高密度紧凑城市中的物质空间形态规划有重要的借鉴意义。


Abstract:

The study applied the space syntax method to investigate Manhattan’s urban form evolution and the partial and the overall impact of block combinations, so as to explore the interaction between urban form and urban socio-economic activities. According to the study, the elastic urban form of Manhattan makes it possible for the city to maintain a high accessibility in the process of urban form evolution, as well as its multi-centric and diverse urban form. The spatial morphological characteristics of the combined blocks with different functions indicate that urban form supports social and economic activities. This study has some reference significance for the spatial planning of high-density cities in China.


版权信息:
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作者简介:

马敬然,深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院、深圳市建筑环境优化设计研究重点实验室,硕士研究生

王浩锋,深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院、深圳市建筑环境优化设计研究重点实验室,教授。whf@szu.edu.cn


译者简介:

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