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2020年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.432
荷兰工业用地利用政策演变与对中国的启示: 公共土地开发模式与可持续的土地开发利用
Dutch Industrial Land Use Policy and Its Insights to China: Public Land Development Model and Sustainable Land Development

屠帆 胡思闻 赵国超

Tu Fan, Hu Siwen, Zhao Guochao

关键词:公共土地开发模式;工业用地;存量土地开发;土地价格;荷兰

Keywords:Public Land Development Model; Industrial Land; Stock Land Revitalization; Land Price; The Netherlands

摘要:

本文通过分析荷兰公共土地开发模式应用于工业用地开发的背景、特征和改革方向,对比中国工业用地中土地开发模式同荷兰的差异和存在的问题,探讨其对中国工业用地市场化改革的启示。采用文献分析法和比较分析法进行研究,发现荷兰工业用地开发利用中公共土地开发模式在历史上发挥了积极作用,其改革方向聚焦于存量工业用地开发、可持续土地开发利用和提高工业物业质量。中国与荷兰在工业用地开发利用上的共同点在于政府主导工业用地供给,差异性在于中国工业用地的地价远低于土地成本价,无法实现成本回收。因此,中国工业用地政策需要改变定价方式、推动工业不动产的业态形式多样化并提升物业质量,新增工业用地面积应与存量工业用地面积相挂钩。


Abstract:

The purpose of this study is to analyze the background, characteristics, current situation and reform direction of the application of Dutch public land development model in industrial land development, to compare with China’s industrial land development, and to explore the enlightenment to the market-oriented reform of China’s industrial land policies. By literature analysis and comparative analysis, the study finds that the public land development model in Dutch industrial land development has played an active role in history; current reforms focus on the direction of industrial land revitalization, sustainable land development, and high quality of industrial properties and sites. The common characteristic between China and the Netherlands is that local government dominates the supply of industrial land; the difference is that the land price of industrial land in China is much lower than the cost, and the cost recovery cannot be realized. The study concludes that the directionsof industrial land policy reform in China should change the pricing method, promote the diversification and improve the quality of industrial properties, and link the supply of greenfield industrial land with the stock of industrial land.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(17BGL257),浙江省自然科学基金一般项目 (LY18G030042)
作者简介:

屠帆,博士,浙江工业大学管理学院,教授。tufan@zjut.edu.cn

胡思闻,浙江工业大学管理学院,硕士研究生

赵国超,博士,浙江工业大学管理学院,助理研究员


译者简介:

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