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2020年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.015
为收缩而规划:一种悖论还是新范式?
Planning for Shrinkage: Paradox or Paradigm

西尔维娅·索萨 保罗·皮诺

Sílvia Sousa, Paulo Pinho

关键词:

Keywords:

摘要:

已经有大量关于收缩城市的研究文献加入到城市发展问题的学术讨论,它们在多种多样的(甚至差别极大的)城市发展背景下研究制定相应规划政策的方法和策略。然而,有关收缩的学术争论仍然势力微薄并且片段分散。这也许是该话题本身的特点,或因为城市收缩还是个相对新颖的概念。对于如何为收缩的城市制定规划,学术界目前还缺乏一个明确、详尽和全面的理论讨论框架。这就需要我们重新思考收缩的内涵和意义,思考城市规划和区域规划的作用,以及思考为收缩而规划时所面对的冲突和矛盾,即收缩规划中的“悖论”。规划应如何应对收缩?相应的规划政策应该是什么?收缩规划就是为人口减少而制定的规划吗?或是为了管理人口减少的规划?还是一如既往,是为了恢复人口增长的规划?管理收缩到底意味着什么?本文针对这些问题给出了一些理论上的探讨和初步的结论。


Abstract:

A great number of contributions regarding shrinking cities correspond to generic discourses on urban problems, which cover planning policies with approaches and strategies developed in somewhat diverse or even very different urban contexts. The debate on shrinkage is still feeble and fragmented. Perhaps this is owing to the character of shrinkage or its relative novelty. An explicit, unequivocal, and comprehensive theoretical debate and framework on the topic of planning for shrinkage is lacking. This entails a previous reflection about what shrinkage means or should mean, the role of urban and regional planning, and the contradictions of planning for shrinkage, which cause the paradox of planning for shrinkage. How can planning deal with shrinkage? What should policies for shrinkage look like? Is planning for shrinkage, planning for population decrease? Is it managing population decrease? Is it business as usual: planning to resume growth? What does managing shrinkage mean? The paper presents a theoretical debate and some preliminary conclusions addressing these questions.


版权信息:本文英文原文发表于《欧洲规划研究》(European Planning Studies)2015 年 第1 期的12-32 页,作者和Taylor & Francis 出版社授权我刊发表其中译文。
基金项目:
作者简介:

西尔维娅· 索萨,葡萄牙波尔图大学工程学院,交通与环境地域研究中心(CITTA),高级研究员。dec06007@fe.up.pt

保罗· 皮诺,葡萄牙波尔图大学工程学院,交通与环境地域研究中心(CITTA),空间规划专业教授。pcpinho@fe.up.pt


译者简介:

雷链,英国伦敦大学学院硕士,中国城市规划学会项目助理。leilian0713@live.com

周恺,湖南大学建筑学院城乡规划系,副教授。zhoukai_nju@hotmail.com


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