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2020年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.433
基于自然解决方案对我国城市适应性转型发展的启示
The Enlightenment of Urban Adaptive Transformation Based on Nature-based Solutions in China

林伟斌 孙一民

Lin Weibin, Sun Yimin

关键词:城市化;工程化思维;基于自然的的解决方案;适应性转型;启示

Keywords:Urbanization; Engineering Thinking; Nature-based Solutions; Adaptive Transformation; Enlightenment

摘要:

改革开放以来,我国经历了世界上最大规模和最快速的城市化进程,与此同时也产生了最复杂的城市化遗留问题。在生态文明时代背景下,城市面对这些问题进行适应性转型,走绿色可持续的发展道路是必然选择。西方国家在解决城市化问题的过程中,探索出通过有效管理生态系统来解决复杂的社会、环境、经济问题的新概念和理论。因此,本文首先阐明基于自然的解决方案概念的起源,辨析其与相关概念之间的关系,阐述现有的研究框架、评价体系和实施流程,并介绍了欧美的成功案例。然后,分析城市化、气候变化、工程化思维、行政体制、人才缺失五个方面给我国城市建设带来的机遇和挑战。最后,阐明在我国城市适应性转型的关键时期,基于自然的解决方案在跨尺度和系统性、基础设施带动、可操作性、开放共享等四个方面的启示。 

Abstract:

Since the reform and opening up, China has experienced the world’s largest and most rapid urbanization. At the same time, it produces the most complex problems of urbanization. To solve these problems, adaptive transformation and green and sustainable development are inevitable choices under the background of ecological civilization. Western countries have explored new concepts and theories that solve complex social, environmental, and economic urbanization problems through effective management of ecosystems. First, this paper describes the origin of the concept of nature-based solutions and its difference with other related concepts, elaborates existing research framework, evaluation system and implementation process, and introduces successful practice cases in Europe and the United States. Then, it analyzes the opportunities and challenges brought by urbanization, climate change, engineering thinking, administrative system and lack of talents to China’s urban development. Finally, it clarifies the enlightenment of natural-based solutions in the transscale and systemic, infrastructure-driven, operability, and open sharing in this critical period of urban adaptive transformation in China.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金国际(地区)合作与交流项目(51761135025),国家自然科学基金面上项目(51778233)
作者简介:

林伟斌,华南理工大学建筑学院—荷兰代尔夫特理工大学建筑与建成环境学院联合培养博士研究生。scutlinweibin@163.com
孙一民(通信作者),博士,华南理工大学建筑学院院长,教授,博士生导师,亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室副主任。359914017@qq.com

译者简介:

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