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2020年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.457
公园绿地绩效的概念内涵及评测方法体系研究
Research on Conceptual Connotation and Assessing Methods of the Performance of Parkland

周聪惠

Zhou Conghui

关键词:公园绿地;绩效;指标;规划;评价;大数据

Keywords:Parkland; Performance; Indicator; Planning; Assessment; Big Data

摘要:

绩效衡量评测能为公园绿地布局优化、功能完善和服务提升提供直接依据。但由于影响公园绿地绩效的因素众多且作用方式各异,在界定、衡量和评价上均有一定复杂性。本文首先结合不同视角和标准,将公园绿地绩效分解为核心绩效与延展绩效、功能运行绩效与空间结构绩效、系统绩效与单体绩效等概念展开内涵及应用特征梳理;其次以处于核心地位的游憩服务绩效为主体对公园绿地功能运行绩效与空间结构绩效的评测方法展开辨析;最后根据各个绩效评测方法的利弊特点对不同方法的组合应用模式以及精度校验途径提出建议。

Abstract:

Assessment of the performance of parkland is of great significance for the optimization of the spatial layout, perfection of the functional structure, and improvement of service quality of parkland. However, due to the particularity of the functional running mechanism of parkland, factors influencing its performance are numerous and their ways of action are different, which increase the complexity of the definition, assessment and analysis of the performance. Correspondingly, based on different perspectives and standards, the concepts of performance of parkland are decomposed into the core performance and extension performance, function performance and spatial structure performance, system performance and single performance, and their application characteristics are firstly compared. Secondly, as the core performance, the assessment methods of recreation service are analyzed by the functional and spatial structural dimension. Finally, according to the characteristics of different assessment methods, the combination application modes and accuracy verification methods are proposed.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51978146),住房和城乡建设部科学技术计划项目(2018-K2-005)
作者简介:

周聪惠,博士,东南大学建筑学院副教授。conghuizhou@seu.edu.cn

译者简介:

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