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2020年第3期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2019.540
城市更新与地方经济:全球化危机背景下的争论、反思与启示
Urban Regeneration and Local Economy: Debates and Reflections in the Crisis of Globalisation

王一名 伍江 周鸣浩

Wang Yiming, Wu Jiang, Zhou Minghao

关键词:城市更新;地方经济;新自由主义;资本累积;全球化危机;建成环境

Keywords:Urban Regeneration; Local Economy; Neoliberalism; Capital Accumulation; Globalisation Crisis; Built Environment

摘要:

在全球化进程中,城市更新长久以来发挥着吸引外来流动资本的重要作用。然而近年来,随着全球化进程出现危机,城市更新活动在地方经济中的作用发生了深刻变革。在这样的背景下,部分西方学者对城市更新的作用提出了质疑。本文以西方学者围绕城市更新是否能促进地方经济所展开的争论为切入点,从空间政治经济学角度反思全球化进程从蓬勃发展到出现危机这一过程给城市更新活动带来的重要变化,分析这些变化产生的原因,指出全球化危机使得城市更新作用和价值取向发生转变。是否能够重塑旧城形象、提升土地价值不再是判断城市更新成功与否的主要标准,城市更新在当前时代背景下承担了更多元的经济和社会职责。在此基础上,本文提出了西方学界争论对我国城市更新工作的启示。


Abstract:

In the process of globalisation, urban regeneration has long been seen as playing an active role in promoting local economy. However, in recent years, the capital globalisation process slows down significantly and sinks into a crisis. As a result, the crisis of globalisation changes the relationship between urban regeneration and local economy. Against this backdrop, many western scholars begin to doubt urban regeneration’s role in promoting local economy. Starting from an outline of the current debate around the role urban regeneration plays in local economy, this paper analyses the transformation of urban regeneration in the context of globalisation crisis, discusses the political economic reasons behind the transformation. It argues that the lobalisation crisis vastly changes the value and judging criteria of urban regeneration. Whether it can remake the city image or promote land value is no longer the key criterion of the success of an urban regeneration project. Urban regeneration plays a much more complicated role in local economic and social development in the crisis of globalisation. On this basis, this paper provides suggestions on how urban regeneration can be better understood and governed in China in the crisis.


版权信息:
基金项目:上海市“浦江人才”计划(19PJC108),上海市“科技创新行动计划”(19DZ1202300)
作者简介:

王一名,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,博士后,同济大学超大城市精细化治理研究院,助理研究员。wangym.chn@foxmail.com

伍江(通信作者),同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,上海市城市更新及其空间优化技术重点实验室,高密度人居环境生态与节能教育部重点实验室,教授,博导;同济大学常务副校长;法国建筑科学院院士。wujiang@tongji.edu.cn

周鸣浩,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,副教授。zhouminghao@tongji.edu.cn


译者简介:

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