点击排行
 
正文
全文下载次数:0
2020年第3期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.428
转型时期欧美及中国城市重构研究 —— 基于西方文献的解读
Research on Urban Restructuring in Euro-America and China Since the 1970s: From a Western Perspective

李凌月

Li Lingyue

关键词:城市重构;空间变革;政府转型; 新自由主义;市场化改革

Keywords:Urban Restructuring; Spatial Restructuring; Government Transition; Neoliberalism; Market Reform

摘要:

“城市重构”是转型时期的热议词汇,深刻影响着我国的城乡规划理论与实践。本文在简要介绍城市重构概念和内涵的基础上,以1970 年代以来的新自由主义和1978 年以来的社会主义市场经济改革为政策背景,对转型时期欧美和中国城市重构路径及研究进展进行阐述。文章重点从城市空间变革和城市政府转型两方面揭示城市重构路径,并分别对城市重构近期文献进行概括、分析和评述,以期有益于城市重构研究的进一步发展。


Abstract:

The term “urban restructuring” has been prevailed across the globe and has influenced China’s urban theory and practice at large. This research introduces the concept and connotation of urban restructuring and reviews research related to urban restructuring in Europe, America and China since 1970s. The neoliberal turns in Europe and America and socialist market economic transition serve as the policy backdrops. It summarizes, analyzes and comments research related to urban spatial transformation and government transition, the two main focuses uncovering urban restructuring route, and presents up-to-date literatures to contribute to future research.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(51808391)
作者简介:

李凌月,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院城市规划系,助理教授。lilingyue929@gmail.com

译者简介:

参考文献:
  • [1] KRESL P K, FRY E H. The urban response to internationalization[M]. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2005.

    [2] BRENNER N, THEODORE N. Spaces of neoliberalism: urban restructuring in North America and Western Europe, Vol. 2[M]. Blackwell Oxford, 2002.

    [3] MA L J C, WU F. Restructuring the Chinese city: changing society, economy and space[M]. Psychology Press, 2005.

    [4] FRIEDMAN M. Capitalism and freedom[M]. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.

    [5] WILSON D. Toward a contingent urban neoliberalism[J]. Urban geography, 2004, 25(8): 771-783.

    [6] BRENNER N, THEODORE N. Cities and the geographies of “actually existing neoliberalism”[J]. Antipode, 2002, 34(3): 349-379.

    [7] PECK J, TICKELL A. Neoliberalizing space[J]. Antipode, 2002, 34(3): 380-404.

    [8] HARVEY D. A brief history of neoliberalism[M]. OUP Oxford, 2005.

    [9] LEFEBVRE H. The production of space[M]. Oxford, The UK: Blackwell, 1991.

    [10] BRENNER N, THEODORE N. Preface: from the“New Localism” to the spaces of neoliberalism[J]. Antipode, 2002, 34(3): 341-347.

    [11] JESSOP B. Liberalism, neoliberalism, and urban governance: a state–theoretical perspective[J]. Antipode, 2002, 34(3): 452-472.

    [12] LARNER W, CRAIG D. After neoliberalism? community activism and local partnerships in Aotearoa New Zealand[J]. Antipode, 2005, 37(3): 402-424.

    [13] WEBER R. Extracting value from the city: neoliberalism and urban redevelopment[J]. Antipode, 2002, 34(3): 519-540.

    [14] JESSOP B. The future of the capitalist state[M]. Polity Cambridge, 2002.

    [15] OHMAE K. The end of the Nation State: the rise of regional economies. how new engines of prosperity are reshaping global markets[J]. The journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association, 1997, 29(1): 87.

    [16] JESSOP B. Hollowing out the‘ nation-state’ and multilevel governance[M] //KENNET P, ed. A handbook of comparative social policy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2004: 11-26.

    [17] HARVEY D. From managerialism to entrepreneurialism: the transformation in urban governance in late capitalism[J]. Geografiska annaler series b human geography, 2002, 71(1): 3-17.

    [18] DOUCET B. Variations of the entrepreneurial city: goals, roles and visions in Rotterdam’s Kop van Zuid and the Glasgow Harbour Megaprojects[J]. International journal of urban and regional research, 2013, 37(6): 2035-2051.

    [19] DAVIDSON K, GLEESON B. The sustainability of an entrepreneurial city?[J]. International planning studies, 2014, 19(2): 173-191.

    [20] LOGAN J, MOLOTCH H L. Urban fortunes: the political economy of place[M]. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1987.

    [21] STONE C N. Regime politics: governing Atlanta, 1946-1988[M]. University Press of Kansas Lawrence, 1989.

    [22] BRENNER N, THEODORE N. Cities and the geographies of “actually existing neoliberalism”[J]. Antipode, 2002, 34(3): 349-379.

    [23] HELMS G. Towards safe city centres?: remaking the spaces of an oldindustrial city[M]. Routledge, 2016.

    [24] JEFFERSON B J. Policing, data, and power-geometry: intersections of crime analytics and race during urban restructuring[J]. Urban geography, 2018, 39(3): 1-18.

    [25] DAVIDSON M, WARD K. Cities under austerity: restructuring the US metropolis[M]. SUNY Press, 2018.

    [26] MCDOWELL L. BATNITZKY A, DYER S. Precarious work and economic migration: emerging immigrant divisions of labour in Greater London’s service sector[J]. International journal of urban and regional research, 2009, 33(1): 3-25.

    [27] LEY D, KOBAYASHI A. Back to Hong Kong: return migration or transnational sojourn?[J]. Global networks, 2005, 5(2): 111-127.

    [28] SCHLICHTMAN J J, PATCH J. Gentrifier? who, me? interrogating the gentrifier in the mirror[J]. International journal of urban and regional research, 2014, 38(4): 1491-1508.

    [29] SMITH D P. Guest editorial: ‘student geographies’, urban restructuring, and the expansion of higher education[J]. Environment and planning a, 2009, 41: 1795-1804.

    [30] HULSE K, YATES J. A private rental sector paradox: unpacking the effects of urban restructuring on housing market dynamics[J]. Housing studies, 2017, 32(3): 253-270.

    [31] BEAL V. Selective public policies: sustainability and neoliberal urban restructuring[J]. Environment and urbanization, 2015, 27(1): 303-316.

    [32] SAICH T. Governance and politics of China[M]. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

    [33] LU D F. Remaking Chinese urban form[M]. Routledge, 2006.

    [34] HARVEY D. Spaces of global capitalism: towards a theory of uneven development[M]. London, The UK: Verso Books, 2006.

    [35] SHEN J, WU F. The development of master-planned communities in Chinese suburbs: a case study of Shanghai’s Thames town[J]. Urban geography, 2012, 33(2): 183-203.

    [36] FENG J, WU F, LOGAN J. From homogenous to heterogeneous: the transformation of Beijing’s socio-spatial structure[J]. Built environment, 2008, 34(4): 482-498.

    [37] XU J, YEH A G O. Re-building regulation and re-inventing governance in the Pearl River Delta, China[J]. Urban policy and research, 2012, 30(4): 385-401.

    [38] ZHU J. Local developmental state and order in China’s urban development during transition[J]. International journal of urban and regional research, 2004, 28(2): 424-447.

    [39] CASTELLS M. The rise of the network society[M] // The information age: economy, society and culture, CASTELLS M, ed, Vol. I. Malden and Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.

    [40] OI J C. The role of the local state in China’s transitional economy[J]. The China quarterly, 1995, 144(1): 1132-1149.

    [41] YANG Y, MENG Q, MCCARN C, COOKE W H, RODGERS J, SHI K. Effects of path dependencies and lock-ins on urban spatial restructuring in China: a historical perspective on government’s role in Lanzhou since 1978[J]. Cities, 2016, 56: 24-34.

    [42] LIN L, SHEN J. Spatial patterns and driving forces of uneven dual-track urbanisation in Fujian Province: an approach based on employment sectors[J]. Urban studies, 2018, doi.org/10.1177/0042098018798596.

    [43] GAO J, CHEN W, YUAN F. Spatial restructuring and the logic of industrial land redevelopment in urban China: I. Theoretical considerations[J]. Land use policy, 2017, 68: 604-613.

    [44] PAN F, GUO J, ZHANG H, LIANG J. Building a “headquarters economy”: the geography of headquarters within Beijing and its implications for urban restructuring[J]. Cities, 2015, 42: 1-12.

    [45] SCHOON S. Chinese strategies of experimental governance. the underlying forces influencing urban restructuring in the Pearl River Delta[J]. Cities, 2014, 41: 194-199.

    [46] SCHOON S, ALTROCK U. Conceded informality. scopes of informal urban restructuring in the Pearl River Delta[J]. Habitat international, 2014, 43: 214-220.

    [47] CHEN Y L, LIU C Y. Self-employed migrants and their entrepreneurial space in megacities: a Beijing farmers’ market[J]. Habitat international, 2019, 83: 125-134

    [48] CHAN R C K, LI L. Entrepreneurial city and the restructuring of urban space in Shanghai Expo[J]. Urban geography, 2017, 38(5): 666-686.

    [49] 张庭伟. 后新自由主义时代中国规划理论的范式转变[J]. 城市规划学刊, 2009(5): 1-13.

    [50] 张京祥, 吴缚龙, 马润潮. 体制转型与中国城市空间重构——建立一种空间演化的制度分析框架[J]. 城市规划, 2008(6): 55-60.

    [51] ZHOU Y, GEORGE C S L, ZHANG J. Urban China through the lens of neoliberalism: is a conceputal twist enough?[J]. Urban studies, 2018, 56(1): 33-43.

    [52] CLOKE P. Country backwater to virtual village? rural studies and “the cultural turn”[J]. Journal of rural studies 1997, 13: 367-375.


《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223

4111104