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2020年第3期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.401
难以兑现的承诺 —— 美国新城市主义理论发展困境刍议
The Unfulfilled Commitments: Discussion on the Difficulties of the Development of American New Urbanism Theory

吴小凡

Wu Xiaofan

关键词:新城市主义;郊区蔓延;社区规划;传统邻里; 公共交通

Keywords:New Urbanismi ;Suburban Sprawl; Community Planning; Traditional Neighborhood Development; Public Transportation

摘要:

兴起于1980 年代的美国新城市主义运动将打造价格合理、混合功用、步行友好的社区作为开发理念,以对抗郊区低密度无序蔓延。本文就这场运动的影响及社会评价进行分析,指出这场运动最初带有实验的目的,其所标榜的一些理念在实践中并未完全实现,但这场运动引发社会各界反思当下生活方式并开始讨论新的社区开发标准,有许多新的理念与设计在这场运动中纷纷登场。新城市主义的发展历程是当代美国社区规划思潮的缩影,也为社区规划转型提供了宝贵的经验。


Abstract:

The New Urbanism Movement in the United States, which emerged in the 1980s, created an idea to build reasonable prices, mixed-use and walk-friendly communities in order to counter the low-density and unordered urban sprawl. This paper focuses on the impacts and social evaluation of this movement. It points out that the starting point of this movement is experimental, and some of the ideas it flaunts have not been fully realized. However, this movement has caused all sectors of society to rethink their lifestyle and join the discussion of the new community development standard, which makes the new urbanist community a testing ground for new ideas and designs. The development of New Urbanism is the representative of contemporary American community planning, and it also provides valuable experience for the future transformation of community planning.


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作者简介:

 吴小凡,上海外国语大学全球文明史研究所师资博士后,讲师。xfwu09@163.com

译者简介:

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