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2020年第3期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.195
从出行到活动:国外时空行为调查的演变与发展
From Trips to Activities: Evolution and Development of Spatio-Temporal Behavior Surveys Overseas

焦健 王德

Jiao Jian, Wang De

关键词:出行;活动;时空行为数据;日志调查;调查技术;演变发展

Keywords:Trip; Activity; Spatio-Temporal Behavior Data; Dairy Survey; Survey Technology; Evolution and Development

摘要:

居民时空行为数据是研究社会经济发展规律、城市空间、交通需求的重要定量依据。我国时空行为调查一般以交通出行调查为主,对居民活动信息的调查尚未建立起相应机制,而国外已经发展了家庭出行调查、活动日志调查、时间利用调查等丰富的时空行为信息采集方法。本文回顾了国外居民时空行为调查的演变与发展,以期为我国时空行为调查机制的发展与完善提供经验借鉴。时空行为调查的发展受交通研究范式演进、居民时间利用与活动模式研究的影响;调查内容重点经历了由出行到活动的转变;调查问卷包括出行日志、活动日志、时间利用日志等多种类型;调查方法与技术由横断面调查发展为重复横断面调查、固定样本调查,由纸笔调查等传统调查技术拓展为计算机辅助调查、网络调查、定位技术辅助调查等多种技术形式。


Abstract:

The spatio-temporal behavior data of residents is an important quantitative basis for studying socio-economic development, urban space and transportation demand. Domestic spatio-temporal behavior surveys mainly focus on transportation and trips, while the residents’ activities data has not yet been effectively collected. In comparison, researchers in foreign countries have developed diversified types of surveys, such as household travel survey, activity-dairy survey and time-use survey. This article reviews the development of surveys on residents’ spatio-temporal travel behaviors overseas, including survey content, design, and implementation methods and techniques. It aims to provide reference for Chinese researchers to build up a better spatio-temporal behavior survey system. It concludes that the survey developed by the evolution of traffic research paradigm, residents’ time-use and activity pattern research. The core of the survey shifted from travel to activity. The questionnaire includes many types of diaries such as travel diary, activity diary and time-use diary. Furthermore, the methods and techniques upgraded from cross-sectional surveys to repeated cross-sectional surveys and panel surveys, and from traditional survey techniques such as paper and pencil interviews to computer-aided surveys, network surveys, positioning technology-aided surveys and other technical forms.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41971206)
作者简介:

焦健,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,博士研究生。962544018@qq.com

王德(通信作者),同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,教授,博导。dewang@tongji.edu.cn


译者简介:

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