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2020年第4期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.182
重视路径依赖:规划史中的历史制度主义研究议程
Taking Path Dependence Seriously: A Historical Institutionalist Research Agenda in Planning History

安德烈·索伦森

André Sorensen

关键词:历史制度主义;路径依赖;关键节点;渐进变迁;规划史

Keywords:Historical Institutionalist; Path Dependence; Critical Junctures; Incremental Change; Planning History

摘要:

本文概述了规划史的历史制度主义研究议程。对于理解制度、路径依赖、公共政策的正反馈效应以及制度变迁的模式化过程,历史制度主义方法提供了一个强有力的理论框架,同时为分析公共政策中的连续性和变迁提供了一套有价值的概念性分析工具。然而到目前为止,规划史研究还没有系统地运用历史制度主义方法。因此,笔者首先论述了规划史研究中的一些定义,诸如制度、路径依赖、关键节点和渐进变迁过程等,概述了应用和扩展这些概念的最新的历史制度主义文献,并运用历史制度主义方法提出了一系列研究问题。结论部分探讨了历史制度主义方法在规划史研究和国际规划比较研究中的潜在应用和影响力,并提出了一个研究议程。


Abstract:

This paper outlines an historical institutionalist (HI) research agenda for planning history. Historical institutionalist approaches to the understanding of institutions, path dependence, positive feedback effects in public policy, and patterned processes of institutional change offer a robust theoretical framework and a valuable set of conceptual and analytic tools for the analysis of continuity and change in public policy. Yet to date there has been no systematic effort to incorporate historical institutionalism into planning history research. The body of the paper proposes planning history relevant definitions of institutions, path dependence, critical junctures, and incremental change processes, outlines recent HI literature applying and extending these concepts, and frames a number of research questions for planning history that these approaches suggest. A concluding section explores the potential application and leverage of HI approaches to the study of planning history and international comparative planning studies, and outlines a research agenda.


版权信息:本文英文原文发表于《规划展望》(Planning Perspectives)2015 年第1 期17-38 页, 作者授权我刊发表其中译文
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51878329)资助
作者简介:

安德烈·索伦森,多伦多大学人文地理学系,教授。andre.sorensen@utoronto.ca

译者简介:

罗震东,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,教授;南京大学空间规划研究中心,执行主任;中国城市规划学会总体规划学术委员会委员。luozhendong@nju.edu.cn

饶叶玲,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,硕士研究生

方鹏飞,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,博士研究生


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