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2020年第4期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.172
城市化、制度变迁和制度化:复合关键节点的城市转型
Urbanization, Institutional Change, and Institutionalization: Urban Transitions as Compound Critical Junctures

安德烈·索伦森

André Sorensen

关键词:城市化;制度主义;发展路径;城市产权体系;比较研究

Keywords:Urbanization; Institutions; Developmental Pathways; Urban Property System; Comparison

摘要:

本文提出运用制度主义方法对城市化、城市规划和城市空间生产过程进行比较研究。研究聚焦于三个相互关联的命题:第一,城市转型不仅包括经济和社会变革以及新城市空间和基础设施建设的过程,也包括与城市产权体系相适应的制度变迁、制度创造和空间制度化的过程。第二,由于城市是具有高度复杂性和相互依存性的复杂社会技术系统,且城市产权体系具有支持路径依赖的多种自我强化特性,因此在城市转型期间作出的选择往往在各个地方都会产生长期持久的影响。其中一个证据是,当城市化高峰期一过,许多地区的人口便开始减少,削弱了城市人口增长对城市制度变迁的推动力。第三是对于类似研究的一点建议,即制度主义理论可以为研究发展路径中的历史变迁和提出新的研究问题提供宝贵的视角。


Abstract:

This essay develops an institutionalist approach to comparative research on urbanization, planning, and the production of urban space, focusing on three interrelated claims: First is that the urban transition is a process not just of economic and social change and the construction of new urban spaces and infrastructures, but also involves processes of institutional transformation, institution-creation, and institutionalization of space associated with the creation of new urban property systems. Second is that the choices made during urban transitions tend to have long lasting consequences in each place, as cities are complex socio-technical systems with high degrees of complexity and interdependence, and urban property systems have multiple self-reinforcing qualities that support path dependence. This is reinforced by the fact that in many jurisdictions soon after peak urbanization population starts to decline, removing the engine of urban population growth that was propelling urban institutional dynamism. Third is the suggestion that institutional theory provides a valuable lens to study these transitions and generates important new research questions.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

安德烈·索伦森,多伦多大学人文地理学系,教授。andre.sorensen@utoronto.ca


译者简介:

金盼盼,浙江大学区域与城市规划系,硕士研究生。21812249@zju.edu.cn

张怀予,浙江大学区域与城市规划系,硕士研究生。137223023@qq.com

傅舒兰,浙江大学区域与城市规划系,副教授;中国城市规划学会城市规划历史与理论委员会,委员。fushulan@zju.edu.cn


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