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2020年第4期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.534
城市代谢导向下的荷兰可持续城市规划与设计理念探析
Sustainable Urban Planning and Design Concept in the Netherlands Oriented by Urban Metabolism

高晓明 王志鹏 赵继龙 毛晓天 刘长安

Gao Xiaoming, Wang Zhipeng, Zhao Jilong, Mao Xiaotian, Liu Chang’an

关键词:城市代谢;城市规划与设计;资源循环代谢;物质流分析; 城市生态系统

Keywords:Urban Metabolism; Urban Planning and Design; Resource Cycle Metabolism; Materials Flow Analysis; Urban Ecosystem

摘要:

目前,城市代谢这一源于生态学的概念已逐渐渗透至城市规划与设计领域,并成为世界各国应对城市生态危机的关键手段。面对此新兴议题,荷兰较早地展开了与之相关的理论和应用研究并取得了独树一帜的成果。因此,在解读荷兰城市代谢理念缘起和背景的基础上,通过对城市规划与设计中城市代谢应用研究的归类和总结,提出基于物质流分析的空间优化、基于资源再生利用的技术整合以及基于循环代谢机理的潜力发掘理念和方法,从而为我国生态城市规划与设计研究提供理论和实践指导。


Abstract:

Currently, as an ecological concept, urban metabolism has gradually penetrated into urban planning and design fields and has become a key method for countries in the world to cope with urban ecological crisis. Faced with this emerging issue, the Netherlands carried out a series of related studies and achieved some unique achievements. Therefore, based on the background analysis of urban metabolic research in the Netherlands, through the classification and analysis of urban metabolism applied to urban planning and design research, this paper proposes: a spatial optimization strategy based on material flow analysis, a technology integration strategy based on cyclic metabolism system, and potential exploration strategies based on cyclic metabolism mechanism. Eventually it is the goal of this paper to provide some theoretical and practical guidance for the ecological urban planning and design in China.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(51608307),山东省自然科学基金青年基金项目(ZR2016EEQ17),国家自然科学基金面上项目(51778349)资助
作者简介:

高晓明,博士,山东建筑大学建筑城规学院,副教授;山东建筑大学动态建筑模块化研究实验室,副主任,核心成员。155141651@qq.com

王志鹏,硕士,山东建筑大学建筑城规学院,研究生

赵继龙,硕士,山东建筑大学建筑城规学院,教授

毛晓天,硕士,同圆设计集团有限公司医疗一院,助理工程师

刘长安,博士,山东建筑大学建筑城规学院,教授


译者简介:

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