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2020年第6期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.349
大都市租赁住房发展模式的差异性及其内在逻辑——以纽约和柏林为例
On the Inner Logics of Divergence of Rental Housing Models in Metropolises: Case Comparison Between New York and Berlin

陈杰

Chen Jie

关键词:租赁住房;国际比较;城市治理;金融化;住房政策

Keywords:Rental Housing; International Comparison; Urban Governance; Financialization; Housing Policy

摘要:

本文首先梳理了解释城市租房发展模式差别性的相关理论,包括住房—福利替代理论、“一元制vs. 二元制”理论和金融化理论,揭示出租房发展模式和租房部门内部结构受经济制度、社会理念、福利体系、金融结构等组成的宏观背景约束而决定。之后,本文以纽约和柏林作为典型案例进行比较性考察,并重点研究了这两个城市近年来租房金融化的不同表现特征和产生的经济社会后果。最后,基于这些理论分析和案例考察,为国内大都市租房发展模式选择和租赁市场治理提出一系列建议。


Abstract:

This paper first reviews the theoretical resources related to the interpretation of diversity of urban rental housing development mode, and reveals that the rental development mode, including the internal structure of rental housing sector, is determined by the macro background constraints of economic system, social concept, welfare system, financial structure, etc. After that, this paper makes a comparative study of New York and Berlin as typical cases, and places special focus on the different performance characteristics and economic-social consequences of the financialization of rental sectors in the two cities in recent years. Based on these theoretical analysis and case study, this paper puts forward a series of suggestions for the choice of rental housing development mode and the governance of rental sector in domestic metropolises.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自科基金委与英国经济社会研究理事会(ESRC)联合资助项目(71661137004),国家自科基金(71974125,71573166)资助
作者简介:

陈杰,博士,上海交通大学国际与公共事务学院,教授,博士生导师;中国城市治理研究院;住房与城乡建设研究中心。chenjie100@sjtu.edu.cn


译者简介:

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