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2020年第6期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.349
基于综合效益最大化的绿色雨洪基础设施选址研究——以加拿大魁北克市博波尔区为例
Siting Green Stormwater Infrastructure to Maximize Comprehensive Benefits: A Case of Beauport, Quebec City, Canada

柯磊 翟国方 施益军 周姝天

Ke Lei, Zhai Guofang, Shi Yijun, Zhou Shutian

关键词:绿色雨洪基础设施;效益;多功能性;气候变化;脆弱性;选址; 海绵城市;博波尔区

Keywords:Green Stormwater Infrastructure (GSI); Benefits; Multifunctionality; Climate Change; Vulnerability; Site Selection; Sponge City; Beauport

摘要:

在气候变化和城市化的影响下,城市地区的生态环境负荷加重,回流、雨污溢流和水质恶化等一系列雨洪管理问题屡见不鲜。绿色雨洪基础设施因其多功能性而受到关注,但现有的绿色雨洪基础设施选址方法通常聚焦于雨洪削减这一特定效益,而忽略了其社会和环境效益。加拿大魁北克市博波尔区的绿色雨洪基础设施选址决策系统将绿色雨洪基础设施的多种效益统筹考虑,有助于提升绿色雨洪基础设施的社会认可度和实施效果。本文在界定绿色雨洪基础设施及其效益的基础上,以加拿大魁北克市博波尔区的实践为例,详细介绍选址决策系统的设计与应用,以期为我国海绵城市建设中绿色雨洪基础设施的规划选址、建设和管理提供参考和借鉴。


Abstract:

Under the impacts of climate change and urbanization, a series of ecoenvironmental problems such as backflow, overflow and the deterioration of the water quality are more serious in cities. Green stormwater infrastructure is promoted for its multifunctionality, however, projects are typically sited based on a particular benefit, such as stormwater abatement, rather than a suite of social and environmental benefits. The decision support tool of the green stormwater infrastructure in Beauport, Quebec city, Canada, which takes multifunctionality into account, contributed to the social acceptability and the implantation of green stormwater infrastructure. Based on the definition of green stormwater infrastructure and its benefits, this paper takes the practice of Beauport as an example to introduce the design and application of the decision support tool in detail, supplying advice for the site selection, construction and management of China’s green stormwater infrastructure in sponge city construction. 


版权信息:
基金项目:中国における災害時パニックならびに災害時クレーズの発生要因についての研究(日本学术振兴会基金)资助
作者简介:

柯磊,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,硕士研究生

翟国方(通信作者),南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,教授,博士生导师。guofang_zhai@nju.edu.cn

施益军,博士,浙江农林大学风景园林与建筑学院,讲师

周姝天,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,博士研究生


译者简介:

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