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2020年第6期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.391
规划赋能下伦敦东区科创驱动式城市更新实践
Innovation Driven Urban Regeneration Practice of East London Under Planning Empowerment

高雅 杨兵

Gao Ya, Yang Bing

关键词:城市更新政策;伦敦东区;创新城区;空间规划引领;科技城

Keywords:Urban Regeneration Policy; East London; Innovation District; Spatial Plan Steering; Tech City

摘要:

本文通过梳理伦敦东区从制造到文化再到科创的更新历程,总结了其科创特色的城市更新经验,包括结合城市空间发展目标提升地区能级,为科创产业创造发展机遇;通过规划改善城市环境,为科创产业发展提供基础,进而促进更新区在经济资产、物理资产与社会资产互相作用下自然发展成为创新城区。在当下中国城市从增量转向存量发展的大背景下,伦敦东区的更新经验启示我们,创新城区并不一定要政府制定专门的创新城区空间发展规划,一个连接性良好,开放、多元、融合的城区是创新生态系统形成并壮大的基础,而这样的城区是由历年来空间发展战略和更新政策促成的。这是一个自上而下与自下而上相结合的过程。


Abstract:

This paper summarizes the urban regeneration experience with innovation features in East London by reviewing the development process of East London, which starts from manufacturing to culture then to innovation industry. In East London, urban space development goals were combined to improve imbalanced regional development and this created development opportunities for innovation industries; urban environment was also improved through planning to provide innovation industries foundation for development, and made the regeneration area naturally grow into an innovation district under the interaction of economic assets, physical assets and social assets. In the context of the urban transition from incremental to inventory renewal currently, the experience of the regeneration in East London suggests that it is not necessary for governments to develop a spatial plan for the innovation district specially, but a well-connected, open, diverse and integrated urban area is the basis for the innovation ecosystem, which could be created by spatial development strategies and regeneration policies over the years. This is a process combining top-down and bottom-up approaches.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

高雅,硕士,北京市城市规划设计研究院规划研究室,高级工程师。pymgaoya@126.com

杨兵,硕士,北京市城市规划设计研究院规划研究室,工程师。bjyangbing@qq.com


译者简介:

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