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2021年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.387
日本儿童友好城市发展进程综述
Research on the Development Dynamics of Japan’s Child Friendly Cities

木下勇 著 沈瑶 刘赛 郭小康 译

Written by Isami Kinoshita Translated by Shen Yao, Liu Sai, Guo Xiaokang

关键词:儿童友好城市;儿童权利;儿童参与;可持续发展目标;日本;自我评估; 认证;PDCA

Keywords:Child Friendly Cities; Children’s Rights; Children’s Participation; Sustainable Development Goals; Japan; Self-Assessment; Certification; PDCA

摘要:

自1996 年联合国提出儿童友好城市理念以来,全球通过联合国认证的国家有38 个,覆盖3 000 个城市和社区。而日本却在认真研讨后,选择走儿童友好城市自我评估路线。本文基于笔者多年的研究和实践积累,解读儿童友好城市的核心和由来,尤其是儿童友好城市与可持续发展目标之间的关联。剖析了日本在原有多样化的儿童参与、儿童权利保护条例制定等运动基础上,如何进行评估方式选择、自我评估工具改良、儿童友好城市管理等。介绍了日本评价量规的评估工具、“计划—实施—检查—执行”管理模型、首批5 个参加儿童友好城市自评的案例经验和试行1 年后的中期评估结果,为儿童友好城市理念落实到各国各地的施策与发展提供思路与参考。


Abstract:

Since the United Nations introduced the concept of Child Friendly Cities (CFC) in 1996, there have been 38 countries certified by the United Nations, covering 3 000 cities and communities. However, after the discussion, Japan chose to follow the CFC self-assessment process to be CFC. Based on the research and practical accumulation, this article interprets the core and origin of CFC, especially the connection between CFC and sustainable development goals (SDGs), and extends the opportunity for UNICEF Japan to officially start CFC construction. Then it analyzes how to choose assessment methods, improve self-assessment tools, CFC management, based on the original and diverse movements of child participation and child rights protection regulations tc. It revealed the three-level assessment tool, PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act)management model, and the first five cases of self-assessment case experience and intermediate evaluation results after one year of trial in Japan, providing a reference for the devplementation of the CFC concept at various national levels to adapt to the development of national conditions.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

木下勇,东京工业大学博士,大妻女子大学教授、湖南大学建筑学院客座教授,日本儿童环境学会理事,日本城市规划委员会委员。isamikinoshita@faculty.chiba-u.jp


译者简介:

沈瑶,日本千叶大学博士,湖南大学建筑学院城乡规划系副教授,博士生导师。shenyao81@hotmail.com

刘赛,湖南大学建筑学院城乡规划学博士研究生。443870617@qq.com

郭小康,东京工业大学硕士研究生。guoxiaokang@hnu.edu.cn


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