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2021年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2019.297
德国绿色基础设施规划的背景、架构与实践
Green Infrastructure Planning in Germany: The Background, Spatial Framework and Implementations

胡庭浩 常江 拉尔夫- 乌韦· 思博

Hu Tinghao, Chang Jiang, Ralf-Uwe Syrbe

关键词:绿色基础设施;基于自然的解决方案;城市双修;规划体系;规划实践; 德国

Keywords:Green Infrastructure; Nature-based Solutions; Double Urban Repairs; Planning System; Planning Practices; Germany

摘要:

从绿色基础设施的研究范式引入,本文对德国绿色基础设施规划的概念、发展历程以及规划内容和目标进行概述,进而剖析其空间规划体系特征,即以法定层面规划为原则框架、国家顶层设计为发展导向、非法定层面规划为主要落实手段、尺度覆盖从联邦到地方的空间规划。在规划实践方面,本文介绍了德国绿色基础设施联邦尺度、区域尺度和城市尺度的优秀规划案例,并从规划内涵、支撑体系、顶层设计、规划尺度、公众参与五个方面分析其特点。借鉴德国规划经验,同时以我国国土空间规划改革为契机,本文提出我国未来绿色基础设施规划体系的发展建议。


Abstract:

Starting from scrutinizing of the research paradigm of green infrastructure, this study outlines the concept, process, planning contents and objectives of German green infrastructure planning. Its spatial planning system can be concluded as: regarding formal plans as the principal framework, national top-design as the orientations, informal plans as the main implementations, and scales covering from federal to local levels. For its planning practices, the study introduces some excellent cases at the federal, regional, and urban scales. Based on the above analysis, the study further summarizes the planning connotation, support system, top-level design, planning scales and civil participation of green infrastructure in Germany. In the end, the study puts forward the direction and suggestions for the improvement of China’s future green infrastructure planning system when taking the chance of China national land-use planning reform.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目“煤炭资源型城市绿色基础设施时空演变规律及其优化模型研究”(41671524),国家自然科学基金青年基金项目“‘城市双修’视角下棕地的绿地转型潜力、机制及规划响应研究”(51808543)
作者简介:

胡庭浩,博士,江苏师范大学地理测绘与城乡规划学院,讲师。hth11211@163.com

常江(通信作者),中国矿业大学建筑与设计学院教授,博士生导师。changjiang102@163.com

拉尔夫- 乌韦· 思博,博士,德国莱布尼茨生态城市与区域发展研究所高级研究员。r.syrbe@ioer.de


译者简介:

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