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2021年第2期   DOI: 10.19830/j.upi.2020.218
城市边缘区小微生境保护规划 —— 欧盟高自然价值农田管控对我国城市区域生物多样性维持的启示
The Protection Planning of Small and Micro Habitats in Urban Fringe Areas: Enlightenment from the Management of High Natural Value Farmland in the EU to the Maintenance of Biodiversity in Urban Areas in China

汤西子

Tang Xizi

关键词:城市边缘区;小微生境;高自然价值农田;空间管控;欧盟

Keywords:Urban Fringe Area; Small and Micro-habitat; High Natural Value Farmland; Space Management; The European Union

摘要:

城市边缘区生境单元是支撑区域生物多样性的重要环节,因受到城市与农业系统影响,多具有半自然属性,且类型丰富、斑块小、布局散,普遍依托于低强度农耕活动而存在。城市建设用地外向型扩张与集约农业生产易造成边缘区半自然生境规模减少、质量退化,且既有措施管控未能对其进行高效保护。高自然价值农田管控是欧盟保护与农业相关的半自然生境、维持区域生物多样性的有效举措,文章通过梳理欧盟高自然价值农田的类型界定、评价与识别、维持与管理等内容,提出针对我国边缘区小微生境保护的优化建议:(1)强化对小微生境及其相关用地的价值认知;(2)识别有利于生物多样性维持的小微生境,并将识别出的生境单元纳入区域网络进行整体保护;(3)结合刚性与弹性用地管控,兼顾复合功能诉求;(4)衔接既有法定规划,提升保护效能。

Abstract:

The habitat unit in urban fringe is an important link to support regional biodiversity; due to the influence of urban system and agricultural system, most of them are semi natural, appeared with diverse types, small patches, scattered layout, and generally relying on low intensity farming activities. Export-oriented expansion of urban construction land and intensive agricultural production are prone to reduce the scale and quality of semi natural habitats in urban fringe areas; and the existing measures can not effectively protect them. High natural value farmland management is an effective measure of the EU to protect semi-natural habitats related to agriculture and maintain regional biodiversity. Through combing the main points of high natural value farmland such as type definition, evaluation, identification, maintenance management, etc., this paper proposes the suggestions for optimization of small and micro semi-natural habitat protection in China: (1) strengthening the recognition of the value of small and microhabitats and related land use; (2) identifying small and micro-habitats that are conducive to the maintenance of biodiversity, and incorporating them in the overall protection of regional network; (3) combining the rigidity and flexibility of land use control, with the consideration of complex function demands; (4) Converging with the existing statutory planning to enhance the protection efficiency of small and micro habitats.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51908469),四川省教育厅人文社会科学重点研究基地四川景观与游憩研究中心科研项目(JGYQ2019029),中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(2682020CX38)共同资助
作者简介:

汤西子,博士,西南交通大学建筑与设计学院,助理研究员。sissi-tang@swjtu.edu.cn


译者简介:

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