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2021年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2019.201
为城市农业“辩护”—— 城市农业规划策略探讨
Defense for Urban Agriculture: Exploration on Urban Agriculture Planning Strategies

高宁 张佳 胡迅

Gao Ning, Zhang Jia, Hu Xun

关键词:城市农业;城乡规划;食物系统;策略;美国;明尼阿波利斯

Keywords:Urban Agriculture; Urban Planning; Food System; Strategy; America; Minneapolis

摘要:

2000 年后,农业与城市的关系日益成为一种新型的规划视角和实践领域。在美国的规划体系中,城市农业已经获得了合法地位并已发展成为综合性的公共空间政策,以解决环境健康、社区发展、食品安全、土地管理等问题。其中,明尼阿波利斯市通过将城市农业用地加入区划代码,制定各类规划和管理条例落实城市农业的发展目标,构建土地、智力和金融支持系统,形成了较为系统的城市农业规划策略。这也为我国城市农业的发展提供了引导:可在控规层面确立城市农业的合法地位,挖掘农业活动可用的城市消极空间,整合农业技术与城市生态卫生技术,建立多元参与机制以实现城市农业的公共政策职能。

Abstract:

After 2000, the relationship between agriculture and city is gradually regarded as a new planning perspective and practical field. In the planning system of the United States, urban agriculture has gained legal status and became comprehensive public space policy to deal with problems of environmental health, community development, food safety, land management and other issues. Minneapolis’ urban agriculture planning strategies are relatively systematic, including: the zoning code was modified to recognize urban agriculture as a legitimate land use; various plans and regulations were made to achieve the development goals of urban agriculture; lands-intelligence and finance systems were established to guarantee the sustainable development of urban agriculture. It provides reference for the development of urban agriculture in China: the legal status of urban agriculture should be established in regulatory detailed planning; the supply of urban agriculture lands should be ensured by utilizing urban negative spaces; agricultural technology should be combined with urban ecological sanitation technology; the multi-participation should be established to realize the public policy function of urban agriculture.


版权信息:
基金项目:教育部规划基金项目(20YJAZH072),浙江大学平衡建筑研究中心项目
作者简介:

高宁,博士,浙江理工大学艺术与设计学院,浙江大学平衡建筑研究中心,副教授。tintin1980@126.com

张佳,博士,浙江大学城市学院环境设计系,副教授

胡迅,学士,浙江大学城乡规划设计研究院有限公司,高级工程师


译者简介:

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